Agriculture mainly means growing crops and animal husbandry. Although in today’s time, farming is considered limited to the production of crops, but it is a much larger area that includes animal husbandry, milk production, etc.
History of Agriculture in India
Our agriculture was not fully developed for a long time and we could not produce enough food for our people. Our country used to buy grains from other countries, but now things are changing.
India is producing more food grains than it needs. Some food grains are sent to other countries. Extreme improvements have been made in agriculture, through our five-year plans, the green revolution in agriculture has been brought.
Government Plans For Agriculture in India
Our government has made several plans for the development of its agriculture. Canals and dams were built on several major rivers to provide water for irrigation of the land. Where canal water cannot reach, tube wells and pump sets were constructed to the farmers for irrigation of their place.
The use of better seeds, fertilizers and new technologies in agriculture has led to a revolution in agriculture called Green Revolution, due to which our agricultural production has increased manifold, but progress is still not made in sufficient quantity. In earlier times we did not have adequate irrigation facilities.
The farmers are mainly depended on rainwater for irrigation and the canals and tube wells were very few. So as the part of the five-year plan, our government has built dams on several rivers which are as follows-
Damodar Valley Project
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
Krishna Sagar Dam
Today water is collected in large lakes and reservoirs for our industries and agriculture and for generating electricity.
Role of Agriculture in Economic Planning
Other industries are also connected to the agricultural industry. For example, the transport department is an important part of the Department of Agriculture because transportation plays a role in moving agricultural produce from one place to another or from one country to another. In this way agriculture also supports other industries.
Progress of Agriculture in India
The most important food staple of India’s agriculture is rice and wheat. India is the second-largest fruit-producing country in the world. India spices are been valued all over the world and it is the largest producer, consumer, and exporter of spices.
Indian food and grocery market are one of the largest markets in the world. The Indian food processing industry accounts for 32% of the country’s total food market, is one of the largest industries in India and ranks fifth in terms of production, consumption, and export.
Although agriculture is very important for the economy in our country, we also have to take care of our environment.
Therefore, to reduce or eliminate all the negative effects caused by agriculture, new advanced technologies have to be discovered so that our environment can be saved and at the same time the demand of growing population can be met.