The sudden change of natural ecosystems, indiscriminate exploitation of species, pollution, and loss of biological diversity (diversity) have caused sudden damage to the environment, of incalculable magnitudes in our history.
Regarding wildlife in our concept; they are those animal species that live isolated and that therefore are the reason for hunting, among the most desired, so to speak are some birds and mammals.
Other concepts in which wildlife is taken from the academic part in where the complete version is recorded and defines it as the animal species, terrestrial and aquatic, vertebrates and invertebrates that live in the wild and have not been domesticated and are under the temporary control of man.
Management Of Wildlife
However, the management of wildlife has been related to sectors of society, called consumers, such as hunters, commercial or sports fishermen, peasants, indigenous people, industrialists, farmers, collectors, and scientists.
Although on the other hand there is a group of users, not direct consumers and is increasing day by day, they have also managed to organize themselves as social groups that demand management of wildlife to meet their needs. Among them, tourists, photographers, ecologists, conservationists and amateurs to watch birds and other animals stand out.
Use Of Wildlife
There are two important ways to use wildlife; as animals for obtaining food or others as pets, exhibition or laboratories. The use of wildlife as food can be done at various scales, one of which is known as subsistence hunting and practiced by a good number of inhabitants of the so-called developing countries.
The trade of animals has developed in large numbers in the local, regional, national and international, most of this trade is supplemented with animals captured in their habitats, without the knowledge and techniques necessary to not cause irreparable damage to populations and ecosystems.
Preservation, conservation, and management have been proposed as the three foundations that should govern the satisfaction of the demands of users and beneficiaries of wildlife, trying to maintain representative parts of relatively intact natural systems.
Conservation refers to the effort to maintain and use resources in a stable manner in order to make them available to future generations. Management on its own refers to the manipulation of populations and habitats in order to obtain benefits and meet the demands imposed by society, although it is not possible to think of conservation as the only alternative.
The fundamental purposes in the management of wildlife or other natural resources. The increase in the number of individuals of a species requires a very high manipulation effort; in addition, it must go against the ecological principles that regulate the size of the population.
When the user is of a destructive or consumption type, the maintenance of the populations can be applied, for this at a medium level that allows the use of stable and high performance to avoid damaging the environment.
The concepts of ecology and the operation of the techniques allow, in a faster way, to reach the objectives of the wild fauna.
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