Essay on Wild Animals for Students & Children in Easy Words

Wild animals are fascinating creatures that live in their natural habitats, away from human settlements. They come in all shapes and sizes, from the mighty lion to the graceful deer and the playful dolphin. In this essay, we will explore the world of wild animals, learning about their habitats, behaviours, and the importance of protecting them. 

Get ready to embark on an exciting journey to discover the wonders of the animal kingdom, where we will learn about their unique characteristics and the significance of coexisting with these incredible creatures. So, let’s dive into the captivating world of wild animals!

What are Wild Animals

4.1 What are Wild Animals

Wild animals are non-domesticated creatures living in natural habitats like forests, jungles, deserts, or oceans. Unlike pets or farm animals, wild animals are not tamed or trained by humans and rely on their instincts for survival. 

They come in various species, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish, each with unique characteristics and adaptations. These animals play a vital role in maintaining the balance of ecosystems and contribute to our planet’s biodiversity. Observing wild animals in their natural habitats can be thrilling and educational, giving us a deeper understanding of the natural world.

The Location of Wild Animals

4.2 The Location of Wild Animals

The location of wild animals varies depending on their specific habitats and geographic regions. Here are some typical locations where wild animals can be found:

  • Forests: Many wild animals, such as tigers, bears, and various bird species, inhabit forests with dense vegetation and abundant food sources.
  • Grasslands: Open grassy areas, like savannahs or prairies, are home to animals like lions, zebras, and antelopes that rely on the vast expanse of grass for grazing and hunting.
  • Deserts: Despite harsh conditions, deserts are inhabited by resilient creatures like camels, snakes, and lizards that have adapted to survive in arid environments.
  • Oceans and Seas: Countless marine creatures, including whales, dolphins, sharks, and colourful fish, inhabit the vast expanses of oceans and seas.
  • Mountains: Mountainous regions provide habitats for animals like snow leopards, mountain goats, and various bird species adapted to high altitudes.
  • Wetlands: Wetlands, such as marshes and swamps, are home to diverse wildlife, including crocodiles, frogs, and waterfowl, thanks to abundant water and vegetation.
  • Polar Regions: The Arctic and Antarctic regions are inhabited by unique wildlife like polar bears, penguins, and seals, adapted to extreme cold and icy conditions.

It is important to note that each location provides specific conditions and resources supporting the diverse range of wild animal species.

Wild Animal Species

Wild animals encompass various species, each with distinct characteristics and adaptations. A few examples are lions, elephants, tigers, giraffes, dolphins, penguins, crocodiles, and gorillas. These animals inhabit different habitats, such as grasslands, forests, oceans, and jungles, and play vital roles in maintaining ecosystem balance. Understanding and appreciating these diverse creatures is crucial for their conservation and our understanding of the natural world.

Threats to Wildlife

4.3 Threats to wildlife

Wildlife faces numerous threats in today’s world, jeopardising the survival of many species. Some of the critical threats include:

  • Habitat Loss: Destruction and fragmentation of natural habitats due to human activities such as deforestation, urbanisation, and agriculture, result in the loss of critical areas where wildlife live and find food.
  • Climate Change: Rising temperatures, altered rainfall patterns, and extreme weather events disrupt ecosystems, affecting wildlife populations, migration patterns, and food availability.
  • Poaching and Illegal Wildlife Trade: Unlawful hunting and trading of wildlife for their skins, horns, tusks, or other body parts remain significant threats, driving many species towards extinction.
  • Pollution: Pollution from industrial activities, agricultural runoff, and improper waste disposal contaminates habitats and water sources, causing harm to wildlife and disrupting ecosystems.
  • Overexploitation: Unsustainable hunting, fishing, and gathering practices can deplete populations of certain species, leading to imbalances in ecosystems.
  • Invasive Species: Non-native species introduced to new areas can outcompete native species for resources, disrupt food chains, and threaten biodiversity.
  • Human-Wildlife Conflict: Encroachment of human settlements into wildlife habitats can lead to conflicts, as animals may raid crops, damage property, or threaten human safety.

Addressing these threats requires conservation efforts, habitat protection, sustainable practices, and raising awareness about the importance of wildlife conservation. Protecting and preserving wildlife is crucial for maintaining biodiversity and ensuring the long-term survival of our planet’s precious species.

How do we Protect Wildlife?

4.4 How do we Protect Wildlife

Protecting wildlife is essential to ensure the survival of various species and maintain the balance of ecosystems. Here are some key strategies for protecting wildlife:

Habitat Conservation: 

Preserving natural habitats is crucial for wildlife. This involves establishing protected areas such as national parks, wildlife reserves, and sanctuaries. These areas provide safe havens where animals can thrive without human interference.

Wildlife Law Enforcement: 

Strict enforcement of laws against poaching, illegal wildlife trade, and habitat destruction is essential. It involves implementing measures to combat wildlife crimes, increasing offender penalties, and improving surveillance and monitoring systems.

Education and Awareness: 

Promoting education about wildlife conservation is vital. This can be achieved through awareness campaigns, school programs, and community initiatives. Educating the public about the importance of wildlife and its threats can inspire action and foster a sense of responsibility towards protecting wildlife.

Sustainable Resource Use: 

Encouraging sustainable practices in industries like forestry, fishing, and agriculture can help minimise the negative impact on wildlife. This includes promoting responsible logging, implementing sustainable fishing practices, and supporting organic farming methods that reduce the use of harmful chemicals.

Wildlife Rehabilitation and Rescue: 

Establishing wildlife rehabilitation centres and rescue organisations can provide care for injured, orphaned, or trafficked animals. These centres work towards rehabilitating wildlife and releasing them back into their natural habitats whenever possible.

International Cooperation: 

Wildlife conservation is a global issue requiring nations’ collaboration. International agreements and organisations are crucial in addressing transboundary conservation challenges and promoting sustainable wildlife management practices.

By implementing these strategies, we can contribute to wildlife conservation and ensure a sustainable future where humans and animals coexist harmoniously. Preserving wildlife not only protects biodiversity but also safeguards the many benefits that ecosystems provide to us, such as clean air, water, and a healthy environment.

Preservation of Wild Animals

4.5 Preservation of Wild Animals

Preserving wild animals means caring for them and ensuring they stay safe. We can do this by protecting their homes, called habitats, like forests and oceans. It’s important not to harm or take them away from their families. 

We should follow rules to stop people from hurting them or selling them as pets. Teaching others about the importance of wild animals and why they should be protected is also crucial. By doing these things, we can help keep wild animals healthy and ensure they continue to live happily in their natural homes.


Wild animals are important and fascinating creatures that deserve our respect and protection. They live in diverse habitats and play vital roles in maintaining the balance of ecosystems. Our responsibility is to ensure their safety by preserving their natural habitats, stopping harmful activities like poaching, and raising awareness about their importance. 

We can help safeguard these magnificent creatures for future generations by working together. Let us cherish and protect wild animals, allowing them to thrive in their natural homes and reminding ourselves of the incredible beauty and value they bring to our world.


Q: What are the four names of wild animals?

A: Lion, elephant, tiger, giraffe.

Q: Who is the king of the jungle?

A: The lion is often called the king of the jungle.

Q: What is a very wild animal?

A: Tigers are known to be very wild animals.

Q: Who is the king of wild animals?

A: Lions are considered the king of wild animals.

Q: What is the best wild animal?

A: The term “best” is subjective, but some consider tigers the best wild animals.

Q: Where do wild animals live?

A: Wild animals live in habitats such as forests, grasslands, deserts, oceans, and mountains.

Q: What is called wild?

A: “Wild” refers to animals that live in natural environments without human control or domestication.

Q: Why are they called wild animals?

A: They are called wild animals because they live in the wild, away from human settlements, and retain their natural behaviours.

Q: Are wild animals happy?

A: Wild animals experience a range of emotions, but their well-being depends on the quality of their habitats and freedom from harm.

Q: How many types of wild animals are there?

A: There are thousands of different types of wild animals across the globe, representing a wide diversity of species.

Q: Which is the giant wild animal?

A: The African elephant is the largest land animal and one of the biggest wild animals.

Q: What is the value of wildlife?

A: Wildlife holds excellent value in biodiversity, ecological balance, scientific research, and the enjoyment it brings to humans.

Subarno Chattarji
Updated: August 16, 2023 — 11:52 am

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