Essay on Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji for Students & Children

Hello, young readers! Today, we will learn about a great person named Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. He was a spiritual leader and the fifth Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Arjan Dev Ji was born in 1563 and lived in India. He played a crucial role in shaping Sikhism and its holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Ji taught people to be kind and truthful and to treat everyone equally. He promoted peace and worked hard to spread love and unity among people. Let’s dive into the fascinating journey of Guru Arjan Dev Ji and learn more about his life and teachings!

Early Life and Education:

Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji was born on April 15, 1563, in the city of Goindwal, now part of present-day India. His father, Guru Ram Das Ji, was the fourth Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Arjan Dev Ji learned many essential things from his parents and the wise people around him.

From a young age, Guru Arjan Dev Ji showed great interest in learning. He studied different languages, including Punjabi and Sanskrit. He also learned about music, poetry, and the teachings of the previous Gurus. Guru Ji was a great spiritual leader and a talented poet and musician. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s education and upbringing significantly shaped his character and prepared him for the vital role he would later have as the fifth Guru of the Sikhs.

Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the Fifth Guru of the Sikhs

When Guru Ram Das Ji, the fourth Guru, realised that his time on Earth was ending, he made a wise decision. He chose his son, Guru Arjan Dev Ji, to be the next Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Arjan Dev Ji was kind and knowledgeable and greatly respected his father’s teachings.

In 1581, Guru Arjan Dev Ji became the fifth Guru of the Sikhs at 18. He accepted this responsibility with humility and dedication. Guru Ji worked tirelessly to spread the message of Sikhism and guide the Sikh community. Guru Arjan Dev Ji made many significant contributions during his time as Guru. He compiled the sacred writings of the previous Gurus and added his compositions to create the holy book called the Guru Granth Sahib. This sacred scripture became the central guiding force for Sikhs.

Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s leadership brought unity and strength to the Sikh community. His teachings emphasised equality, humility, and love for all. He built the Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, in Amritsar, a place of worship open to people of all backgrounds. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s becoming the fifth Guru marked an important milestone in Sikh history. His wisdom and devotion continue to inspire and guide Sikhs worldwide to this day.

Played a Role in Further Developing the Sikh Community

Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, played a significant role in the development of Sikhism. From constructing the Golden Temple to compiling the Guru Granth Sahib and promoting community service, his contributions were instrumental in shaping the Sikh community. His equality, compassion, and unity teachings continue to inspire Sikhs worldwide.

  • Construction of the Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple): Guru Arjan Dev Ji built the Golden Temple in Amritsar, a revered place of worship for Sikhs, promoting unity and equality among people of different backgrounds.
  • Compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib: Guru Ji completed the compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism, which contains the teachings of the previous Gurus and his compositions, providing spiritual guidance to Sikhs.
  • Emphasis on community service and charity: Guru Arjan Dev Ji emphasised the importance of selfless acts of charity and encouraged Sikhs to engage in community service, promoting a culture of helping others and treating everyone with kindness and compassion.
  • A strong foundation for Sikhism: Through his leadership and contributions, Guru Ji laid a strong foundation for the growth and development of Sikhism, inspiring Sikhs to live a life of faith, service, and unity.

Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s legacy as the fifth Guru of the Sikhs is one of profound impact. Through his actions and teachings, he strengthened the Sikh community, providing them with a solid spiritual foundation. His emphasis on equality, service, and love for humanity remains relevant and guides Sikhs in leading meaningful lives. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s influence will forever be cherished within the Sikh faith.

Promoted Equality and Social Justice

Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, was a staunch advocate for equality and social justice. He emphasised the importance of treating all individuals with respect and dignity, regardless of their caste, creed, or gender. 

Guru Ji challenged the prevailing social norms of his time and worked tirelessly to eliminate discrimination and inequality. His teachings and actions promoted a society where everyone was seen as equal, deserving of love and compassion. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s commitment to equality and social justice inspires generations to strive for a fair and just world.

Celebration of Guru Arjan 

Guru Arjan Dev Ji is celebrated in various ways by Sikhs worldwide. Some common ways of celebrating his life and teachings include:

  • Gurpurab: Sikhs commemorate Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s birth anniversary, known as Gurpurab, with great devotion. They gather at Gurdwaras (Sikh temples) to sing hymns, listen to religious discourses, and participate in prayers and processions.
  • Kirtan and Katha: Special Kirtan (devotional singing) and Katha (religious discourse) sessions are held, where the teachings and compositions of Guru Arjan Dev Ji are recited and explained. Sikhs sing devotional songs to express their love and reverence for the Guru.
  • Langar: a communal meal is an integral part of Sikh celebrations. On Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s Gurpurab, Sikhs organise langar where everyone, regardless of their social status, can sit together and enjoy a free meal as a symbol of equality and unity.
  • Nagar Kirtan: Nagar Kirtan processions are held, where Sikhs gather and carry the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy scripture) in a beautifully decorated float. They sing hymns, perform traditional martial arts (Gatka), and distribute sweets and food to the public, spreading the message of Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s teachings.
  • Seva (Service): Sikhs engage in seva, selfless service, during Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s celebrations. They actively participate in community service projects such as cleaning Gurdwaras, organising medical camps, and assisting the less fortunate, reflecting Guru Ji’s teachings of compassion and service to humanity.

Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s contributions to Sikhism are celebrated with great reverence. Through Gurpurab, Kirtan, Langar, Nagar Kirtan, and Seva, Sikhs honour his teachings of equality, compassion, and service. These celebrations serve as a reminder of Guru Ji’s enduring impact, inspiring Sikhs to continue embodying his values and striving for a more inclusive and just society. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s legacy lives on through the vibrant celebrations that unite the Sikh community worldwide.

Compilation of Adi Granth

Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, made an essential contribution by compiling the Adi Granth. It was a sacred book containing the previous Gurus’ writings and other spiritual texts. Guru Ji carefully selected and organised the writings, creating a unified scripture for the Sikhs. The Adi Granth, later known as the Guru Granth Sahib, became the central religious text of Sikhism. 

It provided guidance, teachings, and hymns for Sikhs to follow. Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s compilation ensured that the wisdom and spiritual teachings of the Gurus would be preserved for future generations. The compilation of the Adi Granth was a significant step in strengthening Sikhism and promoting unity among the Sikh community. It continues to be revered as the eternal Guru, guiding and inspiring Sikhs in their spiritual journey.

Religious victimisation and self-sacrifice

Guru Arjan Dev Ji faced religious persecution and martyrdom due to his unwavering commitment to Sikhism. He became a target of the Mughal authorities, who saw him as a threat. Guru Ji endured harsh torture and imprisonment but remained steadfast in his faith. On May 30, 1606, Guru Arjan Dev Ji attained martyrdom, becoming the first Sikh Guru to make the supreme sacrifice. 

His martyrdom symbolises the resilience and unwavering devotion of Sikhs. It serves as a reminder of the importance of standing up for one’s beliefs and the enduring legacy of Guru Ji’s sacrifice. Sikhs commemorate this martyrdom as a solemn occasion, honouring Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s courage and sacrifice for truth, justice, and religious freedom.

Towns Discovered by Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhism, discovered and influenced various towns during his lifetime. Sultanpur, Talwandi (Nankana Sahib), and Kartarpur are significant cities associated with Guru Ji’s life and teachings.

  • Sultanpur: Guru Nanak Dev Ji spent much of his early life in Sultanpur, where he worked for Daulat Khan Lodi, the local governor.
  • Talwandi: Guru Ji was born in present-day Pakistan in Talwandi, now known as Nankana Sahib.
  • Kartarpur: Guru Nanak Dev Ji established the town of Kartarpur, where he settled and spent the last years preaching his teachings and establishing a community centred around the Kartarpur Sahib Gurudwara.

Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s journeys led to the discovery of towns like Sultanpur, Talwandi, and Kartarpur. These cities hold immense historical and spiritual significance in Sikhism as reminders of Guru Ji’s profound impact and the establishment of Sikh principles and communities.


Guru Nanak Dev Ji discovered and influenced important towns like Sultanpur, Talwandi (Nankana Sahib), and Kartarpur. These towns are unique because they are connected to Guru Ji’s life and teachings. Sultanpur was where he worked, Talwandi was where he was born, and Kartarpur became where he settled and taught people. 

These towns remind us of Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s important role in Sikhism and the values he taught, such as love, equality, and kindness. The discoveries of these towns show us how Guru Ji’s teachings spread and how they continue to inspire people even today.


Which cities were founded by Guru Arjan Dev Ji?

Guru Arjan Dev Ji founded the city of Tarn Taran and completed the construction of the Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in Amritsar.

How many Shabads did Guru Arjan Dev Ji write?

In the Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Arjan Dev Ji wrote 2,218 Shabads (hymns).

Who was the Mughal ruler who visited Guru Arjan Dev?

Emperor Akbar, the Mughal ruler, visited Guru Arjan Dev Ji to seek his blessings.

Where did the first Guru live?

The first Guru, Guru Nanak Dev Ji, lived in Sultanpur.

Who succeeded Guru Arjan Dev?

Guru Hargobind, the sixth Guru, succeeded Guru Arjan Dev Ji.

Why was the 5th Guru killed?

The 5th Guru, Arjan Dev Ji, was killed because he refused to convert to a different religion and stood up for his faith.

Which Guru was boiled?

Guru Arjan Dev Ji was made to sit on a hot iron plate, which was like boiling for him.

What is the chain of justice?

The chain of justice is a symbolic chain hanging at the Harmandir Sahib, reminding all people to seek justice and treat everyone equally.

Who led the Mughal army?

The Mughal army was led by various commanders and generals appointed by the Mughal rulers.

Who was the famous Mughal warrior?

The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb was a famous warrior known for his military campaigns and conquests.

Who was Guru Arjan Dev Ji in history?

Guru Arjan Dev Ji was the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, known for his contributions to Sikhism, including the compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib and the construction of the Harmandir Sahib.

Updated: July 10, 2023 — 12:50 pm

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