Essay on Save Bird for Students & Children in Easy Words

Birds are amazing creatures that bring joy and beauty to our world. However, they face many challenges and need our help to survive. In this essay, we will explore why it is essential to save birds and what we can do to protect them. Birds play an essential role in our ecosystem by pollinating plants and controlling pests. But habitat loss, pollution, and other threats are causing their numbers to decline. Understanding the importance of saving birds and taking action can make a difference and ensure a bright future for these beautiful creatures.

What Type of Creatures are Birds?

1.1What Type of Creatures are Birds

Birds are a type of creature known as vertebrates. They belong to the class Aves and are characterised by their unique features. Birds have feathers covering their bodies, which aid in flight and insulation. They possess beaks or bills, which vary in shape and size depending on their diet. Birds have two legs and lay hard-shelled eggs. 

They are warm-blooded animals and have a high metabolic rate. With their lightweight bodies and strong wing muscles, birds are adapted for flight, enabling them to soar through the skies and inhabit various habitats worldwide.

How Many Types of Birds Are There?

There are thousands of different types of birds in the world. It is estimated that there are around 10,000 known species of birds. Each species has unique characteristics, such as size, shape, colour, behaviour, and habitat. Birds come in various sizes, from the tiny hummingbird to the majestic eagle. 

They can be found in diverse environments, including forests, deserts, mountains, and oceans. Some birds are known for their beautiful plumage and melodic songs, while others are admired for their remarkable abilities, such as diving underwater or flying long distances during migration. The vast array of bird species adds to the beauty and diversity of our natural world.

Role of Birds in Nature

1.2 Role of Birds in Nature

Birds play a crucial role in maintaining the balance of nature and significantly contribute to the ecosystem. Here are some critical roles of birds in nature:

  • Pollination: Certain bird species, such as hummingbirds and sunbirds, act as essential pollinators by transferring pollen from flower to flower while feeding on nectar. This process helps in plant reproduction and ensures plant species’ continuation.
  • Seed Dispersal: Birds aid in dispersal by consuming fruits and then excreting the seeds in different locations. This process helps plants colonise new areas and promotes biodiversity.
  • Pest Control: Many bird species, including owls, hawks, and insectivorous birds, feed on insects and small animals, helping to control pest populations. This natural form of pest control is vital in maintaining the balance of ecosystems and preventing outbreaks of harmful insects.
  • Scavengers and Decomposers: Birds like vultures and crows play a crucial role as scavengers, feeding on carcasses and aiding in decomposition. They help keep the environment clean by preventing the spread of diseases.
  • Indicator Species: Birds can act as indicators of environmental health. Changes in bird populations and their behaviours can provide valuable insights into the overall well-being of ecosystems and the impact of environmental changes.

By fulfilling these roles, birds contribute to ecosystems’ overall health and stability, making them an integral part of our natural world.

Threats to Bird Populations

1.3 Threats to Bird Populations

Bird populations face numerous threats that significantly challenge their survival and well-being. Some of the major threats include:

Habitat Loss: 

Destruction and fragmentation of natural habitats due to urbanisation, agriculture, deforestation, and infrastructure development result in the loss of nesting sites, food sources, and bird shelters.

Climate Change: 

Alterations in temperature, precipitation patterns, and habitat availability due to climate change profoundly impact bird populations. It can disrupt migration patterns, affect breeding success, and lead to mismatches between birds and their food sources.


 Pollution from various sources, including pesticides, industrial chemicals, and oil spills, can contaminate water, air, and food sources, negatively affecting bird health and reproduction.

Invasive Species: 

Introducing non-native species can compete with native birds for resources and disrupt the delicate balance of ecosystems, leading to declines in native bird populations.

Hunting and Poaching: 

Illegal hunting and poaching for feathers, meat, or trade continue to pose a threat to many bird species, pushing some towards the brink of extinction.

Collisions and Disorientation: 

Birds often collide with structures like buildings, communication towers, and wind turbines, leading to injuries and fatalities. Artificial lights can also disorient migratory birds, causing them to lose their way.

Addressing these threats requires conservation efforts, including habitat conservation and restoration, sustainable land-use practices, pollution control measures, and strict enforcement of wildlife protection laws. Raising awareness, promoting responsible actions, and collaborating is crucial to ensure bird populations’ long-term survival and preserving biodiversity.

Conservation Measures

Conservation measures play a vital role in protecting and preserving bird populations. Here are some fundamental approaches and actions that contribute to bird conservation:

  • Habitat Conservation: Protecting and preserving natural habitats, including forests, wetlands, grasslands, and coastal areas, ensures the availability of suitable nesting sites, food sources, and bird shelters. This involves creating protected areas, establishing nature reserves, and implementing sustainable land-use practices.
  • Reforestation and Habitat Restoration: Planting native trees and vegetation helps restore degraded habitats and provides essential bird resources. Restoring wetlands and creating artificial nesting sites, such as bird boxes and platforms, can enhance breeding opportunities.
  • Conservation of Migratory Routes: Identifying and conserving critical stopover sites and corridors is crucial for migratory bird species. Protecting these routes ensures safe passage during long-distance migrations and supports their survival.
  • Reduction of Pollution: Implementing measures to reduce pollution, such as controlling the use of pesticides, minimising industrial and agricultural runoff, and promoting sustainable waste management practices, helps safeguard bird populations from harmful toxins and contaminants.
  • Education and Awareness: It is essential to raise public awareness about the importance of bird conservation, their ecological roles, and the threats they face. Educating communities, promoting responsible birdwatching practices, and involving local stakeholders can foster a sense of stewardship and support for bird conservation efforts.

By implementing these conservation measures, we can significantly impact the protection and preservation of bird species, ensuring their long-term survival and contributing to our planet’s overall health and biodiversity.

International Efforts for Bird Conservation

1.5 International Efforts for Bird Conservation

International efforts for bird conservation have gained significant momentum in recent years. Various organisations and agreements aim to address the global challenges bird populations face. Here are some notable international initiatives:

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD): The CBD is a global treaty focused on conserving biodiversity. It encourages countries to develop strategies and action plans to conserve bird species and habitats.
  • Ramsar Convention on Wetlands: This international treaty emphasises the conservation and wise use of wetlands, which are critical habitats for numerous bird species. It promotes the Wetlands of International Importance designation and encourages international cooperation for their conservation.
  • BirdLife International: BirdLife International is a global partnership of conservation organisations dedicated to protecting birds and their habitats. It researches, advocates for bird conservation policies, and implements conservation programs worldwide.
  • Migratory Bird Conservation Agreements: Several international agreements, such as the African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) and the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), focus on conserving migratory bird species. These agreements facilitate international cooperation to protect migratory routes and critical habitats.
  • Global Flyways Network: The Global Flyways Network brings together organisations, researchers, and conservationists to collaborate on the conservation of migratory birds along their flyways. It aims to address the challenges birds face during their long-distance journeys and promote their conservation on a global scale.

Through these international efforts, collaboration, research, and policy development, the conservation of bird species and their habitats are being prioritised globally. By working together, we can ensure the long-term survival and well-being of birds and maintain the ecological balance of our planet.


Saving birds is a crucial endeavour that requires our immediate attention and action. Birds play a vital role in maintaining the balance of ecosystems, pollination, seed dispersal, and pest control. However, they face numerous threats, including habitat loss, pollution, climate change, and hunting. 

To protect birds, we must prioritise habitat conservation, raise awareness about their importance, and promote responsible practices. By implementing conservation measures, collaborating internationally, and involving local communities, we can ensure bird populations’ survival and contribute to our planet’s overall health. Let us unite to save birds and secure a brighter future for them and us.


Q: What is the most protected bird?

A: The critically endangered Spix’s Macaw is one of the most protected birds in the world.

Q: Which bird is friendly?

A: The budgerigar, also known as the budgie or parakeet, is known for its friendly and social nature.

Q: What is the bravest bird?

A: The Harpy Eagle is often regarded as one of the most brave and powerful birds of prey.

Q: Which bird fights less?

A: The American Robin is known for its peaceful nature and tends to avoid fights.

Q: Which is the most robust bird in India?

A: The Indian Peacock, with its majestic appearance and impressive display, is considered one of the most robust birds in India.

Q: What is the most humble bird?

A: The humble and unassuming Sparrow is often considered a symbol of simplicity and humility.

Q: Which is the fighter bird in the world?

A: The Peregrine Falcon is renowned as one of the world’s fastest and most skilled fighter birds.

Q: Which bird is called the Master of Air?

A: The magnificent Albatross is often called the “Master of Air” due to its exceptional flying abilities.

Q: Who is the king of birds in the world?

A: The regal and majestic Eagle is often called the king of birds due to its grandeur and strength.

Q: Which bird is fearless?

A: The fearless and fierce Golden Eagle is known for its boldness and fearlessness.

Q: Which bird is furious?

A: The territorial and aggressive Cassowary is often considered one of the angriest birds.

Q: Which bird cannot fly?

A: The flightless Ostrich, the giant bird in the world, cannot fly but is an excellent runner.

Vikas Baniwal
Updated: August 16, 2023 — 11:49 am

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