Essay on Sati System for Students & Children in Easy Words

The Sati system was a practice that existed in ancient India, where widowed women were expected to voluntarily or forcefully sacrifice their lives on their husband’s funeral pyre. This custom, though now abolished, was prevalent in the past. This essay will explore the reasons behind the Sati system, its harmful effects on women, and the importance of understanding its history to promote gender equality and human rights.

The Sati system was cruel and denied women their rights and freedom. By learning about this system, we can work towards creating a society that respects and values the lives and choices of all individuals, regardless of gender.

What is Sati System?

a women is sacrificing her live in fire

The Sati system was practised in ancient India, where widowed women were expected to sacrifice their lives on their husband’s funeral pyre. It was believed to be a way for women to show their devotion and loyalty to their husbands. However, this practice was very harmful and unfair to women. It took away their rights and freedom. Thankfully, the Sati system was abolished, and now we understand that it is essential to treat everyone equally, respect their choices, and protect their lives. We should learn from history to create a world where everyone is treated kindly and fairly.

The History Behind Sati Paratha

The history behind Sati Pratha, also known as the Sati system, traces back to ancient India. It is believed to have originated when the cultural, religious, and social norms were different from the present. The practice emerged due to various factors, including prevailing beliefs that considered a woman’s devotion to her husband a supreme virtue.

Over time, it became deeply ingrained in specific regions and communities. However, as societal perspectives evolved, many reformers and activists fought against this practice. Through their efforts and the enactment of laws, the Sati system was eventually abolished, recognising the importance of women’s rights, autonomy, and the preservation of human lives.

Who Started Sati Paratha?

a women is sacrificing her live in fire

The practice of Sati, also known as Sati Pratha, originated in ancient India during a time when historical records were scarce. It is challenging to attribute its specific origin to an individual or a particular historical point.

The practice was influenced by cultural and religious beliefs prevalent at the time, as well as social norms and patriarchal structures. Over time, various factors contributed to the perpetuation and acceptance of the Sati system in some areas of India. It is important to note that Sati Pratha was abolished in the early 19th century due to the efforts of social reformers and legislative interventions.

Practice and Beliefs Surrounding Sati

Sati was considered a sacred and solemn ritual in some communities of ancient India. It was believed that by sacrificing herself on her husband’s funeral pyre, a woman would attain spiritual union with him and ensure their eternal togetherness. Sati was seen as an act of ultimate devotion and selflessness, demonstrating a woman’s commitment to her husband even after his death.

Roles of women and societal expectations:

Women in ancient India were often confined to specific roles and responsibilities dictated by societal norms. Sati was considered an ideal way for widows to fulfil their obligations and maintain their honour within the community. The practice reflected the expectation that women should be submissive, obedient, and dependent on their husbands.

The Influence of patriarchy and gender dynamics:

Sati exemplified the patriarchal nature of society, where men held power and control over women. The practice reinforced the idea that a woman’s worth was closely tied to her relationship with her husband, even in death.

Sati perpetuated the subordination of women, denying them the right to choose their destinies and disregarding their aspirations and desires. The beliefs and practices surrounding Sati were deeply ingrained in the social fabric of specific communities in ancient India. While it is essential to understand the historical context, examining these beliefs critically and recognising the harm and injustice they inflicted upon women is equally crucial.

Criticism and Opposition to Sati

 Criticism and Opposition to Sati

Sati faced criticism and opposition from various quarters throughout history. Early voices of dissent arose, questioning the ethical and moral implications of the practice. Over time, social reformers and activists played a crucial role in advocating against Sati, highlighting its brutal nature and violation of women’s rights. 

Legislative interventions and legal measures were eventually enacted to abolish Sati. The criticism and opposition to Sati underscored the importance of recognising women’s inherent value and agency, challenging patriarchal norms, and striving for gender equality and justice.

Abolition and Aftermath

The abolition of the Sati system marks a significant turning point in India’s history of women’s rights. The British colonial administration played a pivotal role in outlawing Sati through legislation in the early 19th century. The abolition led to a gradual decline in the practice and changed societal attitudes towards women. However, the aftermath of Sati’s abolition presented new challenges. 

Deep-seated patriarchal beliefs and practices persisted, necessitating continued efforts for gender equality and empowerment. The legacy of Sati serves as a reminder of the importance of promoting women’s rights, challenging harmful traditions, and working towards a more inclusive and just society.

How was Sati Banned in India

Sati prevention act,1987

Sati was banned through legislative measures enacted by the British colonial administration in India. The process of banning Sati involved a series of legal interventions. One of the notable actions was the passage of the Bengal Sati Regulation Act in 1829. This act declared Sati illegal and made it a punishable offence for anyone involved in the act or those who encouraged it. Subsequent regulations and laws further reinforced the ban on Sati. The British government aimed to protect women’s lives, promote gender equality, and challenge the inhumane practice of Sati. 

The legislative measures played a crucial role in the abolition of Sati and marked a significant step towards social reform and the recognition of women’s rights. Although the ban on Sati was a positive development, it also sparked debates and resistance from those who viewed it as an infringement on religious and cultural practices. Nonetheless, the ban remained in place, ending the practice and paving the way for a more equitable and just society.

Government Initiatives and Laws


The government took significant steps to abolish the Sati system through initiatives and laws. These efforts aimed to protect women’s lives, promote gender equality, and ensure the fundamental human rights of individuals.

  • Bengal Sati Regulation Act of 1829 was a crucial milestone in banning the Sati system. It made the practice of Sati illegal and punishable by law. The act aimed to protect women’s lives and prevent coercion or forceful participation in Sati.
  • Additional regulations and laws: Various regions in India enacted laws to reinforce the ban on Sati. These laws aimed to ensure consistent implementation and enforcement of the ban nationwide. They penalised individuals involved in Sati or those who encouraged it, demonstrating the government’s commitment to eradicating the practice.
  • Promoting women’s rights: The government initiatives reflected recognition of women’s rights and the need for gender equality. By outlawing Sati, the government affirmed the value and autonomy of women, challenging patriarchal norms. These measures aimed to create an environment where women’s lives and choices were respected and protected.
  • Safeguarding human rights: The government’s actions were driven to protect the fundamental human rights of individuals, particularly women. The ban on Sati was part of a broader effort to promote a more just and equitable society, ensuring individuals’ right to life and freedom.
  • Proactive approach: The government took a proactive stance in addressing the harmful practice of Sati. Through legislative measures, they actively intervened to dismantle the system and prevent further loss of lives. These initiatives demonstrated the government’s commitment to social reform and safeguarding the welfare of its citizens.

The government’s initiatives and laws were crucial in abolishing the Sati system. By recognising women’s rights, promoting gender equality, and actively intervening to ban the practice, the government aimed to create a society where everyone is protected and empowered. 


The government’s initiatives and laws played a pivotal role in eradicating the Sati system. The practice was declared illegal through the Bengal Sati Regulation Act and subsequent regulations, and penalties were imposed on those involved. These efforts reflected a commitment to women’s rights, gender equality, and the protection of fundamental human rights. 

The government’s proactive approach to dismantling the harmful practice demonstrated a commitment to social reform and creating a more just society. The abolition of Sati marked a significant milestone in pursuing gender equality and affirmed the value and autonomy of individuals, particularly women.


Q: What is the importance of the Sati system?

A: The Sati system is deemed harmful and inhumane, with no inherent importance or positive value.

Q: Who made the Sati system?

A: The Sati system was not created by a specific individual; it developed over time due to cultural, religious, and social factors.

Q: Who banned Sati?

A: The British colonial administration in India implemented laws that led to the ban on Sati.

Q: Who was the first sati in India?

A: The identity of the first recorded sati in India is unknown.

Q: Who removed Sati from India?

A: The abolition of Sati was achieved through the efforts of social reformers and legislative interventions by the British administration.

Q: Why was Sati banned?

A: Sati was banned due to its cruel nature, which disregarded women’s rights, autonomy, and the preservation of human lives.

Q: In which year was Sati banned?

A: Sati was banned through legislative measures, with the Bengal Sati Regulation Act passed in 1829.

Q: Who was the last victim of Sati?

A: The specific identity of Sati’s last victim is unknown.

Q: What caste is Sati?

A: Sati was not limited to any particular caste but was practised across different communities.

Subarno Chattarji
Updated: September 25, 2023 — 12:44 pm

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