Essay on Project Tiger for Students & Children in Easy Words

Welcome, young conservationists! In this essay, we will learn about a fantastic initiative called “Project Tiger” that focuses on protecting our beloved tigers. Tigers are majestic and powerful creatures, but sadly, they are in danger of disappearing forever. Project Tiger was started to save these incredible animals from extinction. 

It was launched in India to create tiger reserves where tigers can live freely and safely. Through this project, efforts are made to protect their habitats, prevent poaching, and raise awareness about their conservation. Let’s dive into the exciting world of Project Tiger and discover how we can help these magnificent creatures survive and thrive!

Why is Tiger Our National Animal?

 Why is Tiger Our National Animal

The tiger is our National Animal for several significant reasons. First, tigers symbolise strength, power, and grace, embodying the characteristics that resonate with our nation’s spirit. They are apex predators, commanding respect and awe. Secondly, tigers hold immense cultural and historical significance in our country, featuring prominently in folklore, mythology, and ancient art. 

They are revered as a symbol of royalty and bravery. Lastly, the selection of the tiger as our National Animal also serves as a reminder of the importance of wildlife conservation. Choosing an endangered species emphasises our responsibility to protect and preserve our natural heritage, promoting awareness and action for the conservation of tigers and their habitats.

What is Tiger Project

The Tiger Project, also known as Project Tiger, is a wildlife conservation initiative launched in India in 1973. Its primary objective is to protect and preserve the endangered tiger species and their habitats. The project focuses on creating and managing tiger reserves, designated protected areas where tigers can thrive and reproduce. 

These reserves serve as safe havens for tigers, implementing measures to combat poaching, prevent habitat destruction, and address human-wildlife conflicts. Project Tiger also emphasises scientific research, monitoring of tiger populations, community participation, and raising public awareness about tiger conservation. It has played a crucial role in reviving and stabilising tiger populations in India, serving as a model for wildlife conservation globally.

Why Project Tiger was Started in India?

 Why Project Tiger was Started in India

Project Tiger was initiated in India in the year 1973. The Prime Minister at that time, Mrs Indira Gandhi, recognised the urgent need to protect the dwindling tiger population. To ensure their survival, she launched Project Tiger. The aim was to establish areas known as tiger reserves where tigers could live safely. Nine tiger reserves were established nationwide to protect their natural habitats and prevent hunting. Through this visionary project, the Indian government sought to safeguard the majestic tigers and preserve the country’s biodiversity.

Aim to Start Tiger Project in India

The aim of starting the Tiger Project in India was to protect and conserve the tiger population in the country. The project aimed to create areas called tiger reserves where tigers could thrive in their natural habitats. 

By establishing these reserves, the project sought to prevent the decline of the tiger population and ensure their survival for future generations. The Tiger Project aimed to address critical threats such as habitat destruction, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict to maintain a healthy and sustainable tiger population in India.

When was Project Tiger Launched?

When was Project Tiger Launched

Project Tiger was launched in India on April 1, 1973. It was a significant step taken by the Indian government to protect and conserve the tiger population in the country. The project aimed to establish tiger reserves, specially designated areas where tigers could live undisturbed and be protected from various threats. The launch of Project Tiger marked a crucial milestone in tiger conservation efforts, emphasising the importance of preserving these magnificent creatures and their habitats.

Challenges Faced by the Government for Project Tiger

Challenges faced by the government for Project Tiger include habitat loss, poaching, human-wildlife conflict, limited finances, stakeholder cooperation, awareness, monitoring, and policy support.

  • Habitat Loss: The expansion of human activities resulted in the loss and fragmentation of tiger habitats, reducing their available living space.
  • Poaching: Illegal hunting for tiger parts seriously threatens the tiger population, as their body parts are highly valued in traditional medicine and illegal wildlife trade.
  • Human-Wildlife Conflict: Tigers occasionally conflict with local communities living near tiger reserves, leading to challenges in managing and mitigating these conflicts.
  • Limited Financial Resources: Allocating adequate funds for tiger conservation, including habitat protection, anti-poaching measures, and community engagement, took a lot of work for the government.
  • Stakeholder Cooperation: Ensuring the collaboration and cooperation of various stakeholders, including local communities, forest departments, and wildlife organisations, was crucial for the success of Project Tiger.
  • Awareness and Education: Promoting awareness about tiger conservation and the importance of preserving their habitats among the general public was an ongoing challenge.

Despite these challenges, the government’s commitment to tiger conservation through Project Tiger has played a vital role in safeguarding these magnificent creatures and their habitats.

Project Tiger Helped in Protecting Other Wild Species

Project Tiger Helped in Protecting Other Wild Species

Project Tiger, aimed at protecting tigers, has had a broader impact on wildlife conservation. By preserving habitats, combating poaching, and raising awareness, the project has indirectly safeguarded various species, preserved biodiversity, and maintained the balance of ecosystems.

  • Habitat Conservation: The creation of tiger reserves under Project Tiger has provided protected habitats for various wild species, safeguarding their natural ecosystems.
  • Biodiversity Preservation: The conservation efforts to protect tigers have indirectly benefited other wildlife species by preserving the rich biodiversity within the reserves.
  • Anti-Poaching Measures: The focus on combating poaching, a significant threat to tigers, has also helped curb illegal hunting and safeguard other vulnerable species from similar threats.
  • Ecosystem Balance: Tigers play a crucial role as apex predators in their ecosystems. By ensuring the survival and conservation of tigers, Project Tiger helps maintain a balanced ecosystem, benefiting the overall wildlife community.
  • Conservation Awareness: The project raises awareness about the importance of wildlife conservation, promoting a broader understanding of the interconnectedness of various species and their habitats.
  • Research and Monitoring: Project Tiger conducts scientific research and monitoring activities, which provide valuable insights into the population dynamics and behaviour of tigers and other coexisting species.

Collaborative Conservation: Project Tiger involves collaborations with local communities, NGOs, and government agencies, fostering a collective effort to conserve not only tigers but also the entire ecosystem and its inhabitants.

Problems of Project Tiger

Project Tiger faces several challenges in protecting tigers and their habitats. These challenges include damaging tiger habitats, resulting in restricted movement and breeding patterns. Human-wildlife conflict arises from the encroachment of human settlements into tiger habitats. Poaching and illegal wildlife trade persist as significant threats to tiger populations. 

More funding must be needed to effectively implement conservation measures, while the lack of awareness and education hampers public support. Inadequate monitoring and enforcement, encroachment and development, and the impact of climate change further compound the challenges. Despite these hurdles, Project Tiger strives to overcome them and ensure the long-term survival of tigers in India.

Interesting Facts About Tigers

Tigers, the largest cat species, possess unique striped coats, powerful hunting skills, and exceptional swimming abilities. However, they are critically endangered, emphasising the importance of conservation efforts to protect these magnificent creatures.

  • Largest Cat Species: Tigers are the largest cat species in the world, with adult males reaching lengths of up to 11 feet (3.3 meters) from head to tail.
  • Striking Coat Patterns: Each tiger has a unique pattern of stripes on its fur, much like a human’s fingerprints. No two tigers have the same stripe pattern.
  • Powerful Predators: Tigers are mighty hunters capable of taking down large prey such as deer, wild boars, and even young elephants. They have strong jaws and sharp teeth for grasping and killing their prey.
  • Excellent Swimmers: Unlike most cats, tigers are excellent swimmers and enjoy bathing and cooling off in the water. They are known to cross rivers and swim long distances.
  • Solitary Animals: Tigers are solitary creatures, preferring to live and hunt alone. They mark their territories using scent markings and roars to communicate with other tigers.
  • Endangered Status: Tigers are critically endangered due to habitat loss, poaching, and illegal wildlife trade. It is estimated that fewer than 4,000 tigers remain in the wild.

These captivating creatures inspire awe and admiration while reminding us of the urgent need to protect and conserve their species for future generations.

The Success of Project Tiger

 The Success of Project Tiger

The success of Project Tiger can be attributed to several key factors. First and foremost, the project’s focused approach towards tiger conservation, including the creation of tiger reserves, has provided protected habitats for tigers to thrive. This has led to a significant increase in tiger populations within these reserves. 

Additionally, anti-poaching efforts and strict enforcement of wildlife protection laws have played a crucial role in curbing illegal hunting and trade of tigers and their body parts. Moreover, Project Tiger has emphasised community participation and the involvement of local communities in conservation efforts, fostering a sense of ownership and responsibility towards tiger protection. 

Continuous monitoring and research further bolstered The project’s success, which helps better understand tiger behaviour and population dynamics. Overall, Project Tiger is a remarkable example of successful wildlife conservation, contributing to the recovery and preservation of tiger populations in India.


Project Tiger is a fantastic initiative that aims to protect our magnificent tigers. The project has created areas called tiger reserves, where tigers can live safely and freely. Through efforts such as habitat preservation, anti-poaching measures, and community involvement, Project Tiger has successfully increased the number of tigers and ensured their survival. 

It teaches us the importance of conserving wildlife and protecting their habitats. By supporting Project Tiger, we can all contribute to the conservation of these majestic creatures and help them thrive for generations to come. Let’s roar for the tigers and be their voice!


Q: What are the skills of a tiger?

A: Tigers possess powerful hunting abilities, exceptional swimming, agility, and stealth for successful hunting.

Q: Why is the tiger our national animal?

A: The tiger is our national animal because it symbolises strength and grace and is culturally significant. It also emphasises the need for wildlife conservation.

Q: Why is the tiger important to India?

A: Tigers are essential to India because they are part of its rich biodiversity, serve as indicators of a healthy ecosystem, and attract tourism.

Q: What is the symbol of the tiger?

A: The tiger symbolises power, strength, bravery, and royalty.

Q: What is the sentence of tiger?

A: “I saw a majestic tiger roaming through the jungle.”

Q: What kind of tiger is in India?

A: India is home to several tiger subspecies, including the Bengal tiger, also known as the Indian tiger.

Q: Who is the king of the jungle?

A: Although tigers are often called the “king of the jungle,” they are primarily found in forests and not typically associated with jungles.

Q: What is a tiger in English?

A: “Tiger” is the English word for the large, predatory cat species known for its distinctive striped coat.

Vikas Baniwal
Updated: September 11, 2023 — 3:16 pm

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