Essay on Natural Environment in English for Students & Children of All Classes

Our world is full of amazing things like trees, rivers, animals, and big mountains. All these things together make up our natural environment. It’s like a beautiful home for plants, animals, and humans!  In this essay, we will learn about the natural environment, its importance, and how to care for it. 

Imagine a giant puzzle where everything fits perfectly. That’s our natural environment. Everything has a role, from the tiniest bugs to the tallest trees. We get clean air to breathe, fresh water to drink, and even yummy fruits to eat from our environment. 

Natural Environment and its Importance to Humans and Other Living Things

Natural Environment and its Importance to Humans and Other Living Things

The Natural Environment is like a giant home for all living things, including humans. It comprises land, water, air, plants, and animals, all working together. This environment gives us clean air to breathe, water to drink, and yummy food to eat.

The Natural Environment is important because it cares for us and other creatures. Plants make oxygen, which we need, and they give animals food to survive. Animals help plants by spreading their seeds and keeping things balanced. If we don’t care for the Natural Environment, it can get messed up, and animals and plants can’t live happily.

So, it’s our job to protect and respect the Natural Environment. When we do, we keep our world healthy, with fresh air, clean water, and homes for all the amazing creatures – just like a big, happy family!

Components of the Natural Environment

Components of the Natural Environment

The natural environment comprises many different parts that all work together to create our world. Let’s explore some of these components:

  • Land: The solid ground we walk on is called land. It includes things like mountains, hills, valleys, and plains. Animals, plants, and even people live on the land.
  • Water: Water is a super important part of the natural environment. We have oceans, rivers, lakes, and even tiny streams. Many animals and plants need water to survive.
  • Air: The invisible stuff around us that we breathe is called air. It comprises different gases and is vital for all living things. Plants use carbon dioxide from the air to make food, and animals, including us, need oxygen to live.
  • Weather and Climate: The weather is what’s happening outside right now, whether sunny or rainy. Climate is the general weather pattern in a place over a long time. Both weather and climate affect the natural environment and the creatures that live in it.
  • Rocks and Minerals: The hard things make up the Earth’s crust. They can be found in the ground, mountains, and ocean. Some rocks and minerals are used to make things like buildings and roads.

All these components work together to create a balanced and wonderful natural environment that supports life on Earth. We need to take care of these parts so that everything can stay healthy and in harmony.

Benefits of the Natural Environment to Humans

 Benefits of the Natural Environment to Humans

The Natural Environment is our amazing gift from Earth. It provides clean air, water, food, and places to explore. Let’s uncover how it helps us humans in countless ways and why caring for this special place we call home is crucial.

  • Fresh Air: The trees and plants around us are like nature’s air factories. They take in carbon dioxide, which is what we breathe out, and give us oxygen, which we need to breathe in. Breathing in fresh, clean air keeps our bodies working well and helps our brains stay sharp.
  • Clean Water: The environment is like a giant filter for water. Rainfalls and rivers flow, and these water sources get cleaned naturally. We use this water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and even having fun in swimming pools or lakes. It’s super important to keep these water sources free from pollution to have safe and clean water.
  • Food: Farms grow fruits, vegetables, grains, and more using the soil and water from the environment. Animals also graze on grass and plants, providing us with meat and dairy products. So, the food we eat directly comes from the environment. Yummy, nutritious meals are thanks to nature!
  • Beauty and Relaxation: Imagine a stunning sunrise, a colourful sunset, or a calm lake surrounded by trees. Nature’s beauty helps us relax, reduces stress, and makes us happy. When we take walks in parks or gaze at the stars, it’s like a natural way to refresh our minds.
  • Medicine: Many plants have special properties that can help us when we are sick. Traditional medicine and modern drugs often come from plants in the environment. People have used leaves, roots, and more to heal for thousands of years.

Remember, the Natural Environment is like a treasure chest full of incredible gifts. By taking care of it, we ensure that these benefits keep coming to us and the generations that follow.

Threats to The Natural Environment

Threats to The Natural Environment

The Natural Environment faces big challenges that can harm its balance and beauty. Here are some threats we need to know about:

  • Pollution: Harmful things like chemicals and trash can end up in the air, water, and soil, making them dirty and unsafe for plants, animals, and us.
  • Deforestation: When we cut down too many trees, it can disrupt animal habitats, reduce oxygen, and even change the climate.
  • Climate Change: Pollution from cars, factories, and more can make the Earth’s temperature rise, causing problems like melting ice, sea-level rise, and extreme weather.
  • Habitat Destruction: Building roads, cities, and farms can take away the homes of animals and plants, making it hard for them to survive.
  • Overfishing: Catching too many fish from oceans and rivers can imbalance underwater ecosystems and hurt the fish populations.
  • Waste: When we make too much trash and don’t recycle properly, it can pile up and harm the environment.

By understanding these threats, we can work together to protect the Natural Environment and keep it healthy for everyone.

Conservation and Preservation Efforts

Taking care of our Natural Environment is super important! People are doing two big things to help: Conservation and Preservation. Conservation means using things from nature wisely, like not cutting down too many trees so animals still have homes. We carefully use resources like water and wood so there’s enough for the future.

Preservation is like keeping things safe in a time capsule. Some places are so special and untouched by people that we want to keep them that way. National parks and wildlife reserves are examples. They’re like treasure chests full of nature!

People work hard to stop pollution, save animals from going away forever, and make laws to protect nature. By doing these things, we can ensure our Natural Environment stays awesome for us and the creatures that call it home.

The Role of Individuals and Communities

7.5 The Role of Individuals and Communities

People, like you and your family, and communities, like your town or neighbourhood, play a big role in caring for the Natural Environment. Everyone can do small things that add up to make a big difference.

Individuals can help by not wasting water and electricity, using less plastic, and picking up litter. When you don’t waste things, there’s more for the Natural Environment. You can also plant trees and flowers to make the environment greener and nicer.

Communities can work together to clean up parks, rivers, and streets. They can make rules to protect the environment, like not cutting down too many trees. If people talk to each other and share ideas, they can find even better ways to keep the Natural Environment safe and healthy. Remember, even small actions matter and can help the environment a lot!

The Future of the Natural Environment

7.6 The Future of the Natural Environment

The Natural Environment is like our planet’s special home. But, it’s facing some challenges. People should be using more resources like trees, water, and air. This can make things unbalanced. 

But don’t worry, there’s hope! Many smart people are thinking of ways to help. They want to use fewer resources and make less waste. People are also learning about how everything in the environment is connected. Protecting one thing, like a forest, can help many other things, like animals and clean water. 

If we all work together, we can make the Natural Environment healthier. Imagine a future with lush forests, clean oceans, and happy animals. It’s possible if we take care of our amazing Natural Environment!


We have learned that the natural environment is super important for us and all living things. We need clean air, water, and land to stay healthy and happy. But humans are causing problems by cutting down trees, causing pollution, and making the Earth too hot. We can fix this! 

We can save animals and plants, clean up the mess, and slow the warming. We can make good choices, tell our friends, and help our neighbourhoods. Things could worsen if we don’t take care of nature now. So, let’s work together to keep our planet safe and awesome for everyone!


Q: What are the four types of natural environment?

A: Forests, oceans, deserts, mountains.

Q: What makes a natural environment?

A: Plants, animals, air, water, and land together.

Q: What are the three types of natural environment?

A: Terrestrial, aquatic, and atmospheric environments.

Q: What is called a natural environment?

A: Surroundings with no human-made changes.

Q: What are the two main types of environment?

A: Natural and built environments.

Q: What are the three importance of the natural environment?

A: Clean air, biodiversity, and natural resources.

Q: Why is the natural environment important?

A: It keeps us healthy and provides resources.

Q: What is the natural environment of India?

A: Varied, including forests, rivers, and mountains.

Q: What is the natural environment?

A: Nature with no human changes.

Q: What makes a natural environment simple?

A: Nature is untouched by people.

Premananthan K.
Updated: September 1, 2023 — 7:08 am

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