Essay on Makar Sankranti in English For Students & Children of All Classes (1-8)

Makar Sankranti is a special festival celebrated in India with lots of joy and excitement. It’s like a colourful kite-flying day when we all gather on our rooftops and fly kites. But it’s not just about kites; it’s also about the sun moving in a new direction, marking the end of winter and the start of spring. 

People enjoy delicious sweets made from sesame seeds and jaggery, wear new clothes, and visit friends and family. It’s when everyone comes together to celebrate nature’s changes and the warmth of togetherness. So, let’s dive into this wonderful festival and learn more about it!



Makar Sankranti has an interesting history. Long ago, people in India followed a calendar based on the sun’s movement. They noticed that during this time of the year, the days became longer and the nights shorter. This change happened because the sun moved towards the north, which we call the “Uttarayan” in India.

Ancient Indians celebrated this shift as a special time because it meant the end of cold winter and the start of warmer days. They believed it brought good luck and happiness. So, Makar Sankranti became a festival to mark this important change in nature.

People would light bonfires, offer prayers to the sun, and share delicious sesame sweets. They also flew kites to enjoy the sunny weather. Even today, we celebrate Makar Sankranti to remember this history and the happiness it brings with the changing seasons.

What is the Meaning of Makar Sankranti?

Makar Sankranti is a special festival in India, and its name has a cool meaning. “Makar” means the zodiac sign Capricorn, and “Sankranti” means when the sun moves from one zodiac sign to another. So, Makar Sankranti is all about celebrating the sun’s journey.

The sun starts moving toward the north during this time, which is a big deal because it brings warmer and happier days after the cold winter. It’s like a sign that spring is on its way.

People celebrate Makar Sankranti by flying kites, eating yummy sweets made from sesame seeds and jaggery, and wearing new clothes. It’s a time for family and friends to get together and enjoy the changing seasons. So, Makar Sankranti is all about sunshine, happiness, and good times!

Importance of Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is important because it celebrates a change in nature. Imagine the sun moving like a big, warm ball in the sky. During Makar Sankranti, it starts going to the north, which means winter is ending, and spring is coming.

This festival reminds us that bright and warm days come after cold and dark days. It’s like a sign of hope and happiness.

People also believe that celebrating Makar Sankranti brings good luck and positive energy. That’s why they fly colourful kites, share tasty sweets, and spend time with loved ones.

So, Makar Sankranti is important because it marks the beginning of a joyful season and brings people together to enjoy the sunny days ahead.

Makar Sankranti Celebrations

Makar Sankranti in the Modern World

Certainly! Let’s expand on each of the celebration points:

1. Kite Flying: Kite flying during Makar Sankranti is thrilling. People prepare for this day by making or buying colourful kites with beautiful designs. They use special strings coated with glass or glue to make them sharp and try to cut the strings of other kites while keeping their kite in the sky. It’s like a friendly battle in the sky, and the one with the last flying kite is the winner.

2. Yummy Sweets: People prepare a variety of mouthwatering sweets for this festival. One popular sweet is “til-gul,” made from sesame seeds and jaggery. It’s delicious and believed to symbolise the exchange of sweetness and good wishes among friends and family. People offer these sweets to each other as a sign of love and togetherness.

3. New Clothes: Dressing up in new and colourful clothes shows respect for the festival. People often wear traditional outfits that are bright and beautiful. It makes everyone look their best and adds to the festive spirit.

4. Bonfires: In some regions, lighting bonfires is a tradition during Makar Sankranti. Families and friends gather around these fires, sing songs, and enjoy warmth on the chilly winter evening. It’s also considered a way to cleanse and purify oneself.

5. Spending Time with Family: Makar Sankranti is when families celebrate. They share meals, exchange gifts, and fly kites together. It’s a special occasion for bonding and creating cherished memories with loved ones.

Makar Sankranti is not just a festival; it’s a time of happiness, competition, delicious food, warmth, and, most importantly, closeness to the people who matter most to you.

Traditions and Celebrations

What is the meaning of Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is a festival rich in traditions and celebrations. Families and friends come together to mark this auspicious occasion by flying colourful kites in the clear winter skies. Seeing kites of all shapes and sizes dotting the horizon is a breathtaking spectacle. 

People exchange “til-gul” sweets made from sesame seeds and jaggery to symbolise sweetness and harmony in their relationships. It’s common to wear new and vibrant clothes, adding to the festive spirit. In some regions, lighting bonfires is a tradition, with families and communities gathering around them to sing songs and enjoy the warmth. 

Overall, Makar Sankranti is a time of togetherness, delicious treats, vibrant colours, and age-old customs that bring people closer and celebrate the changing seasons.

Makar Sankranti and Agriculture

Makar Sankranti is closely connected to agriculture in India. It holds significance for farmers and their relationship with the land. Here’s how it relates to agriculture:

  • Harvest Celebration: Makar Sankranti usually falls in January, which is the time when some crops like sugarcane, wheat, and mustard are ready for harvest. Farmers celebrate this festival to thank nature for the bountiful harvest and seek blessings for a prosperous farming year.
  • Change in Seasons: Makar Sankranti marks the end of the winter season and the beginning of spring. This seasonal change is vital for agriculture as it brings warmer weather and more sunlight, which is essential for crop growth. It’s like a signal for farmers to start preparing their fields for planting new crops.
  • Sowing New Seeds: Farmers in some parts of India use Makar Sankranti as an auspicious day to sow new seeds for the upcoming crop season. They believe that beginning the planting process on this day brings good luck and ensures a successful harvest.
  • Offering Prayers: Many farmers offer prayers and perform rituals during Makar Sankranti to seek blessings for a fruitful farming season. They thank the sun, soil, and nature for supporting agriculture.

In summary, Makar Sankranti is a festival that celebrates the change in seasons and the importance of agriculture in Indian culture. It’s a time when farmers express gratitude for a good harvest and pray for a successful year ahead in their farming endeavours. 

Environmental Impact

Environmental Impact

Makar Sankranti also has an environmental impact. When people celebrate by flying kites, it’s important to be careful. Sometimes, kite strings can harm birds and animals if they get tangled in them. So, it’s a good idea to use eco-friendly strings that don’t hurt nature.

Also, the bonfires lit during the festival can create air pollution. It’s important to be mindful of the environment and try to have smaller, controlled bonfires.

On the positive side, Makar Sankranti reminds us of nature’s changes, like the sun moving north. It’s a time to appreciate the environment and consider how to protect it. So, while celebrating this fun festival, let’s take care of our planet and the creatures that share it.

Makar Sankranti in the Modern World

Makar Sankranti in the Modern World

Makar Sankranti is still celebrated with much joy in the modern world. People continue to fly kites and enjoy delicious sweets. But there are some changes too.

In cities, the way we celebrate has evolved. Many people now use colourful and fancy kites. They also have kite-flying competitions, making it even more exciting. Also, technology has a role. People often use apps to find out when the best time for kite flying is based on the wind. This helps them have more fun in the sky.

While some traditions have stayed the same, like wearing new clothes and spending time with family, Makar Sankranti has adapted to the modern world, becoming a mix of old and new ways to celebrate this wonderful festival.


Makar Sankranti is a vibrant and cherished festival that celebrates the change in seasons, the warmth of family bonds, and the joy of nature’s cycles. It reminds us of the importance of togetherness and gratitude for the gifts of the earth. Communities are closer as kites soar in the sky and delicious sweets are shared. 

While the festival may evolve with the times, its spirit of unity and reverence for nature remains unwavering. Makar Sankranti continues to be a colourful tapestry of traditions, symbolising the beauty of life’s changing seasons and the shared happiness of its people.


Q: Why do we celebrate Sankranti?

A: We celebrate Sankranti to mark the change in seasons, especially the sun’s transition into the Capricorn zodiac sign.

Q: What Sankranti means?

A: Sankranti means the sun’s movement from one zodiac sign to another.

Q: Two facts about Makar Sankranti?

A: It’s a kite-flying festival, and sesame sweets are popular.

Q: What Makar Sankranti teaches us?

A: It teaches us about the changing seasons and the importance of togetherness.

Q: What food is made on Makar Sankranti?

A: Sesame sweets like “til-gul” are commonly made.

Q: What is the spirit of Makar Sankranti?

A: The spirit is one of joy, family bonding, and celebrating nature’s cycles.

Q: Who celebrates Makar Sankranti?

A: People in India celebrate it, especially in the northern and western regions.

Q: Is Sankranti a national festival?

A: No, it’s celebrated regionally in India.

Q: Why do kites fly on Makar Sankranti?

A: Kites symbolise the sun’s transition and bring joy to the festival.

Q: What is the timing of Makar Sankranti?

A: It typically falls on January 14th or 15th each year.

Q: What is the Color of Sankranti?

A: Sankranti has no specific colour; people wear bright and festive colours.

Subarno Chattarji
Updated: September 25, 2023 — 1:40 pm

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