Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English for Students & Children of All Classes

Mahatma Gandhi was an amazing person who lived a long time ago. He was like a superhero for peace and kindness. People called him “Mahatma,” which means a great soul. He was born in India and wanted everyone to be treated fairly. 

Gandhi believed in using peaceful ways to solve problems and fight for justice. He taught people to be truthful and honest and to stand up for what is right. His actions and words inspired a whole country to work together for freedom. Let’s learn more about this incredible man and how he improved the world.

Early Life and Education

3.1 Early Life and Education

In his early days, Mahatma Gandhi’s life was like the beginning of a special story. He was born in India on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar. He had a loving family and was like a curious little explorer. As a child, Gandhi was a good student and loved to learn. He was shy but very smart. He grew up in a simple house and enjoyed playing with his friends. 

He also loved to read stories about brave heroes. Gandhi’s parents taught him to be truthful and kind. They believed in treating everyone equally. When he was a bit older, he studied law in London, far from India. He learned about laws and justice there.

Little did anyone know that this young boy from Porbandar would become a big leader and change the course of history. His early life was like the first chapter of a book, filled with important lessons and inspiring moments.

Life in South Africa

Life in South Africa was a turning point in Mahatma Gandhi’s story. He went there to work as a lawyer and became a leader for justice. He saw the unfair treatment of people based on their skin colour, which made him sad.

Gandhi believed in using peaceful protests to make things better. He organised marches and campaigns against unfair laws. Once, he even refused to follow a rule that said only certain people could sit in a certain place on a train. This was his way of standing up for equality.

He also believed in simple living and used his actions to show it. He wore simple clothes and lived a humble life. His ideas about nonviolence and justice started to spread, and people saw him as a true leader. South Africa was like a school for Gandhi, where he learned important lessons that he would use to fight for justice in India.

Gandhi’s Role in India’s Freedom

3.2 Gandhis Role in Indias Freedom

Mahatma Gandhi, a revered figure in India’s history, played a pivotal role in the country’s fight for independence. His philosophy of nonviolence and his leadership in peaceful protests shaped the course of India’s freedom struggle.

  • Leader of Nonviolence: Gandhi’s approach was based on nonviolence and peaceful protests. He believed that using love and truth could change oppressive situations.
  • Civil Disobedience Movement: Led the famous Salt March against the British salt tax in 1930. Walked with followers for miles to make their salt from the sea, showing resistance.
  • Boycotts and Protests: Organized boycotts of British goods and institutions. Urged people to use Indian-made products and reject foreign control.
  • Unity and Empowerment: Brought together people from different backgrounds and classes. Inspired a sense of unity and national pride among Indians.
  • Champion of Social Justice: Raised awareness about unfair practices like untouchability and discrimination. Fought for the upliftment of the oppressed and the marginalized.
  • Quit India Movement: In 1942, the “Quit India” movement was launched against British rule. Urged the British to leave India and let Indians govern themselves. 
  • Negotiations and Agreements: Played a key role in negotiations with the British for India’s independence. Represented the Indian National Congress in discussions for a peaceful transfer of power.

Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to India’s freedom struggle was immense. His steadfast commitment to nonviolence, unity, and justice made him a beacon of hope and an icon of peaceful resistance against oppression.

Global Impact and Inspirational Leader

3.3 Global Impact and Inspirational Leader

Mahatma Gandhi’s influence was like a ripple that reached far beyond India. His ideas of peace and fairness inspired people around the world. Gandhi taught that problems can be solved without hurting others. His nonviolent approach showed that change can happen without fighting. He inspired leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela.

He is remembered for standing up for justice, freedom, and equality. His teachings encourage people to be kind, brave, and truthful. Gandhi’s legacy is a reminder that one person’s actions can make a big difference. His peaceful methods and powerful words continue to guide people towards a better world.

Social Reforms and Empowerment

Mahatma Gandhi’s journey included important work in bringing about social reforms and empowering people. Here’s how he contributed:

  1. Untouchability Awareness: Gandhi worked to end the practice of untouchability, which treated certain people unfairly. He believed that everyone deserved respect and dignity regardless of their background.
  1. Equality Among All: He promoted equality for women, encouraging their education and participation in public life. Gandhi wanted men and women to have the same rights and opportunities.
  1. Cottage Industries: Gandhi supported cottage industries and self-sufficiency. He believed that small-scale production could empower local communities and reduce poverty.
  1. Rural Empowerment: Gandhi focused on improving the lives of villagers and farmers. He encouraged rural development and self-reliance.
  1. Education for All: Gandhi emphasized education for all, including the marginalized. He believed that education could empower people and bring positive change.

Gandhi’s efforts in social reforms and empowerment left a lasting impact on India’s society. His vision for a just and equal world continues to inspire individuals and movements around the globe.

Father of the Nation

3.4 Father of the Nation

Mahatma Gandhi is often called the “Father of the Nation” in India. This special title shows how important he was in leading India to independence. He worked hard to bring justice, equality, and freedom to the country. 

His teachings of nonviolence and truth inspire people all around the world. Just like a father cares for his family, Gandhi cares deeply for India and its people. He dedicated his life to making India a better place for everyone. That’s why he is honoured with the title “Father of the Nation.”

Gandhi’s Principles are Still Relevant in Today’s World

Gandhi’s principles are like timeless treasures that continue to shine brightly in today’s world. His teachings of nonviolence, truth, and equality are still very important. His idea of solving problems peacefully is crucial in a world where conflicts can arise. 

Instead of fighting, he showed that conversations and understanding can bring better results.

His call for truthfulness reminds us to be honest and transparent. Treating everyone equally, regardless of differences, is something we can learn from him.

Gandhi’s principles guide us to make choices that lead to a better world. Whether in personal relationships or global issues, his wisdom shows us a path of compassion, respect, and positive change. Even though years have passed, Gandhi’s principles remain a guiding light for a brighter future.


Mahatma Gandhi was a remarkable leader who showed us how to fight for what is right with peace and love. His teachings of honesty, kindness, and nonviolence still guide us today. He proved that even one person can make a big difference. 

Gandhi’s legacy reminds us to be brave, truthful, and caring, no matter our challenges. Like a bright star, his influence continues to shine, inspiring us to make the world a better place for everyone.


Did Gandhi win the Nobel Prize?

Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize several times but never won.

Who is the true leader?

A true leader cares for others, guides them with wisdom, and makes positive changes.

Who is the favourite leader?

People have different favourite leaders based on their beliefs and interests.

What is the slogan of Gandhiji?

“Satyameva Jayate” is a famous slogan, meaning “Truth Alone Triumphs.”

What was the slogan of Gandhiji?

Gandhi’s slogan was “Do or Die” during the Quit India Movement 1942.

What did Gandhi say about love?

Gandhi said, “Where there is love, there is life.”

What does Gandhi say about peace?

Gandhi said, “Peace is its reward.”

What religion was Gandhi?

Gandhi followed Hinduism, but he respected all religions and believed in unity.

How did Gandhi change the world?

Gandhi used nonviolence to fight for justice and freedom, inspiring people to make positive changes.

What did Gandhi say about freedom?

Gandhi said, “Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.”

Vikas Baniwal
Updated: August 17, 2023 — 7:47 am

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