Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students & Children in Easy English Language

Mahatma Gandhi was an incredible leader who inspired millions with his message of peace and nonviolence. He was born in India and dedicated his life to fighting for justice and equality. Gandhi believed in the power of truth, love, and nonviolent resistance to bring about change. 

He led India’s struggle for independence from British rule and taught us the importance of fairness, kindness, and standing up for what is right. Gandhi’s teachings continue to inspire people around the world, reminding us that even one person can make a big difference in creating a better world.

Why Gandhi is Known as the Father of the Nation?

Why Gandhi is Known as the Father of the Nation

Mahatma Gandhi is known as India’s “Father of the Nation” for his pivotal role in the country’s struggle for independence from British rule. He led the nonviolent movement, inspiring millions with his truth, nonviolence, and civil disobedience principles. Gandhi united people of different backgrounds and religions, fostering a sense of unity and resilience. His vision was of an inclusive and independent India, free from discrimination. 

Gandhi’s unwavering commitment to justice and nonviolence inspired not only Indians but people around the world. After India gained independence in 1947, his contributions and vision made him revered as the “Father of the Nation.” Gandhi’s teachings on peace, compassion, and social justice continue to inspire generations, making him a symbol of hope, unity, and the power of peaceful resistance. His legacy reminds us of the importance of standing up for what is right and working towards a more harmonious world.

What Qualities Made Gandhiji a Mahatma?

Mahatma Gandhi, also known as the Father of the Indian Nation, was bestowed with the title “Mahatma” due to his exceptional qualities. Gandhi’s commitment to nonviolence, truthfulness, selflessness, humility, and courage distinguished him as a remarkable leader. 

His steadfast adherence to nonviolent resistance and unwavering pursuit of justice and equality made him a beacon of inspiration for millions. Gandhi’s selfless dedication to the welfare of others and his ability to bring about social change through peaceful means were the defining qualities that earned him the revered title of Mahatma. His life and teachings continue to guide and inspire people around the world.

What was Gandhi Famous For?

What was Gandhi Famous For

Mahatma Gandhi was famous for his leadership in India’s struggle for independence and his philosophy of nonviolence. He advocated peaceful resistance and civil disobedience as potent social and political change tools. Gandhi’s emphasis on truth, simplicity, and selflessness made him a symbol of inspiration and moral guidance for millions worldwide. 

He led numerous movements, including the Salt March and the Quit India Movement, which galvanised the masses and challenged British colonial rule. Gandhi’s principles and teachings resonate today, influencing global peace, justice, and human rights movements. His unwavering commitment to nonviolence and vision of a just and harmonious society have cemented his place as one of history’s most renowned and influential leaders.

Gandhi’s Childhood

Mahatma Gandhi, born in 1869 in Porbandar, India, had a curious and compassionate nature during his childhood. Influenced by his parents and encounters with discrimination, he developed a deep sense of justice and empathy. These formative years shaped his unwavering commitment to fighting for equality and independence. 

Gandhi’s childhood experiences shaped him as a leader and advocate for peace and justice. His upbringing instilled in him the values that guided his lifelong mission to bring about social change through nonviolent means. From humble beginnings to becoming one of history’s most revered figures, Gandhi’s childhood laid the groundwork for his transformative impact on India and the world.

Gandhi’s Principles

Gandhis Principles

Mahatma Gandhi was guided by several core principles that defined his life and teachings. These principles were instrumental in shaping his philosophy of nonviolence and his approach to social and political change.

Satyagraha: Gandhi believed in the power of truth and nonviolent resistance. Satyagraha, meaning “truth-force” or “soul-force,” was his principle of using nonviolent means to confront and challenge injustice.

  • Ahimsa: Ahimsa, or nonviolence, was at the heart of Gandhi’s philosophy. He advocated for resolving conflicts and promoting justice through peaceful means, refusing to cause harm to any living being.
  • Swaraj: Swaraj, meaning self-rule or self-governance, was Gandhi’s vision for India’s independence from British rule. He believed in empowering individuals and communities to take charge of their destiny.
  • Sarvodaya: Gandhi advocated for the upliftment of all, focusing on the welfare and progress of society’s poorest and most marginalised sections.
  • Simple living: Gandhi believed in a simple and frugal lifestyle, emphasising the importance of self-discipline and reducing material desires.

Gandhi’s principles of truth, nonviolence, self-governance, upliftment of all, and simple living are timeless and continue to inspire us today. They remind us of the power of peaceful means to bring about positive change and create a more just and harmonious world.

Contribution To Freedom Struggle

Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to the freedom struggle in India was immense and transformative. He pioneered the philosophy of nonviolent resistance, leading mass movements that challenged British colonial rule. Gandhi’s strategies, including civil disobedience, boycotts, and peaceful protests, inspired millions to join the struggle for independence. 

His leadership during pivotal events such as the Salt March and the Quit India Movement galvanised the nation and gained international attention. Gandhi’s unwavering commitment to justice, equality, and self-rule inspired a sense of unity among Indians and provided a powerful moral force that ultimately led to India’s independence in 1947. His legacy as a freedom fighter and advocate for human rights continues to inspire movements worldwide seeking liberation and social change.

Movements Led by Mahatma Gandhi

Movements Led by Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, the revered leader and freedom fighter, led several significant movements during India’s struggle for independence. His visionary leadership and commitment to nonviolent resistance inspired millions of people to join the fight against British colonial rule. Here are some of the critical movements spearheaded by Gandhi:

  • Noncooperation Movement (1920-1922): This movement aimed to boycott British institutions and promote swadeshi (indigenous) goods. It involved boycotting schools, government offices, and British-made products, leading to a mass awakening and increased participation in the freedom struggle.
  • Salt March or Dandi March (1930): In civil disobedience, Gandhi marched for 240 miles to the coastal village of Dandi to protest the British salt tax. This symbolic gesture sparked protests and inspired people nationwide to make salt in defiance of the British monopoly.
  • Quit India Movement (1942): In response to the failure of negotiations with the British, Gandhi launched the Quit India Movement, calling for immediate British withdrawal from India. The movement gained widespread support and led to mass protests, strikes, and acts of civil disobedience, marking a crucial turning point in the freedom struggle.
  • Kheda and Champaran Satyagrahas: In Kheda (1918) and Champaran (1917), Gandhi organised satyagrahas (nonviolent resistance) to champion the causes of oppressed farmers. These movements aimed to alleviate the hardships faced by peasants, challenge oppressive practices, and secure their rights.
  • Bardoli Satyagraha (1928): This movement was launched to protest against the unfair tax policies imposed by the British in the Bardoli region of Gujarat. Under Gandhi’s leadership, the peasants successfully resisted the tax hike through nonviolent means, improving conditions for the farming community.

Through these movements, Gandhi galvanised the masses, instilled a sense of unity and resilience, and demonstrated the power of nonviolence and civil disobedience in achieving political objectives. His leadership inspired people of all ages, religions, and backgrounds to participate in the struggle for India’s freedom actively. 

Achievements of Mahatma Gandhi 

 Achievements of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, the eminent leader and advocate of nonviolence, received several notable awards and honours throughout his life. Here are some of the significant awards bestowed upon Gandhi:

  • Time Magazine’s Person of the Year (1930): Gandhi was named Time Magazine’s Person of the Year in 1930 for his significant contributions to the Indian independence movement and his promotion of nonviolent resistance.
  • Nobel Peace Prize nomination (1937, 1947): Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937 and again in 1947. Although he was not awarded the prize, his nomination recognised his tireless efforts to achieve peace and justice through nonviolent means.
  • Bharat Ratna (India’s highest civilian award): In recognition of his immense contributions to India’s freedom struggle and his teachings on nonviolence, Gandhi was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1955.
  • Ramon Magsaysay Award (2009): The Ramon Magsaysay Award, often called the “Asian Nobel Prize,” honoured Gandhi’s philosophy and influence on nonviolent movements worldwide. The award was conferred on him posthumously in 2009.

These awards testify to Gandhi’s global impact and recognition for his truth, nonviolence, and social justice principles. His legacy as a champion of peace and human rights inspires generations worldwide.


Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader who fought for India’s freedom using peaceful methods. He believed in truth, nonviolence, and fairness. His actions inspired millions of people to stand up against injustice. Gandhi’s teachings of love, unity, and equality continue to guide us today. He showed us that even one person can make a big difference and create positive change. Mahatma Gandhi is a role model for all of us, reminding us to be kind and truthful and always strive for peace.


Q: How was Gandhi inspiring? 

A: Gandhi was inspiring through his principles of nonviolence, selflessness, and his tireless efforts for justice and equality.

Q: How did Gandhi become a leader? 

A: Gandhi became a leader through his commitment to the freedom struggle, his ability to inspire others, and his principles of truth and nonviolence.

Q: What quotes did Gandhi say?

 A: Some of Gandhi’s famous quotes include “Be the change you wish to see in the world” and “An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.”

Q: What was the slogan of Gandhiji?

A: Gandhiji’s slogan was “Swaraj (self-rule) is my birthright.”

Q: What was Gandhi’s famous line? 

A: One of Gandhi’s famous lines is, “You must be the change you wish to see in the world.”

Q: What is Gandhi’s most famous speech? 

A: Gandhi’s most famous speech is his “Quit India” speech delivered in 1942, calling for India’s independence from British rule.

Q: What are the famous quotes? 

A: Some famous quotes include “Gently, you can shake the world” and “First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.”

Q: Who said Quit India first? 

A: The Quit India movement was first called for by Mahatma Gandhi during a speech in Mumbai (then Bombay) on August 8, 1942.

Q: What are the five freedom fighters of India? 

A: The five freedom fighters of India are Mahatma Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Rani Lakshmibai.

Vikas Baniwal
Updated: September 11, 2023 — 3:16 pm

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