Essay on Human Rights For Students & Children in Easy English Language

Human rights are like special rules meant to keep everyone safe and happy. They ensure everyone is treated fairly and kindly, regardless of their origins or beliefs. These rights are important because they help us live peacefully and respect one another. In this essay, we will learn more about human rights and why they are essential for a better world.

What are Human Rights?

Human rights are like rules that ensure everyone is treated fairly and respectfully. These rules say that every person should be safe, have a home, and be able to speak their mind. It doesn’t matter where they are from or what they look like. 

Human rights are important because they help us live together peacefully and happily. They remind us to be kind to one another and make the world a better place for everyone.

Historical Background of Human Rights

Long ago, people didn’t have many rights, and some were treated badly. But over time, things started to change. In the past few centuries, brave people fought for fairness and kindness for everyone. In 1948, many countries came together and wrote the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 

This special document said everyone should be treated equally and have the same rights, no matter where they live. Since then, many countries have agreed to follow these rules to ensure people are safe and happy. Human rights remind us that every person is important and deserves respect. They are like a shield protecting us all and making the world better.

Major Debates on Human Rights

There are several major debates surrounding human rights that people discuss and try to find solutions for:

  • Universalism vs. Cultural Relativism: Some people believe that human rights should be the same for everyone, no matter their culture or beliefs (universalism). Others argue that human rights should be understood and applied differently in each culture based on their traditions and values (cultural relativism).
  • Civil and Political Rights vs. Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights: Some debates focus on which rights should be prioritised. Civil and political rights include freedoms like speech and voting, while economic, social, and cultural rights cover healthcare and education.
  • Individual vs. Collective Rights: There is a discussion about whether human rights should focus more on protecting individual freedoms or improving the well-being of entire groups or communities.
  • Enforcement and Accountability: A significant debate revolves around enforcing human rights and holding violators accountable, especially in cases where powerful countries or governments may be involved.
  • Cultural Traditions vs. Human Rights: In some situations, certain cultural practices or traditions might clash with recognised human rights, leading to discussions about balancing cultural diversity and protecting individual rights.

These debates are important as they shape the understanding and implementation of human rights worldwide. People from different backgrounds and perspectives engage in these discussions to create a more just and equitable society for everyone.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a very special document adopted by the United Nations on December 10, 1948. It was created to protect the rights and dignity of every person in the world. The Declaration says that all humans are born free and equal in rights. It lists 30 fundamental rights that every person should have, like the right to life, liberty, and security, the right to be treated fairly by the law, the right to work and get an education, and many more.

The Declaration is essential because it reminds countries and people to treat each other respectfully and kindly. It acts as a guide to make the world a better and more peaceful place. Even though different countries have different laws and cultures, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights should be a common set of principles everyone can agree on. It inspires people to fight for justice and equality, regardless of where they come from or their beliefs.

Human Rights Violations

Human rights violations occur when the rights and freedoms of people are not respected or protected. These violations can happen in various forms, often leading to suffering and injustice. Some common examples of human rights violations include:

  • Discrimination: When people are treated unfairly or differently because of their race, gender, religion, nationality, or other characteristics.
  • Torture: Inflicting severe physical or mental pain on someone as a punishment or to force them to do something.
  • Child Labor: Forcing children to work in dangerous and exploitative conditions, depriving them of education and a normal childhood.
  • Human Trafficking: Illegally trading people for forced labour, slavery, or exploitation.
  • Violence against Women: Abusing women physically, emotionally, or sexually and denying them equal rights and opportunities.
  • Denial of Freedom of Speech: Silencing people who express their opinions or beliefs leads to limited freedom of expression.
  • Lack of Access to Education and Healthcare: Denying people the right to learn and receive medical treatment affects their well-being and development.

Human rights violations are a serious concern, and efforts are continuously made by individuals, organisations, and governments to address these issues and ensure that everyone’s rights are protected.

The Protection of Human Rights

Protecting human rights is crucial to ensure that all individuals are treated with dignity, fairness, and respect. Human rights are like a shield that safeguards the well-being and freedoms of every person, regardless of their background, beliefs, or identity. Governments, international organizations, and individuals all play a role in upholding human rights.

To protect human rights, countries create laws and constitutions that guarantee basic rights and freedoms for their citizens. They establish independent courts and institutions to uphold and enforce these rights. Human rights activists and organisations work tirelessly to raise awareness, advocate for justice, and support those whose rights are being violated.

International bodies, like the United Nations, also play a vital role in promoting human rights globally. They develop treaties and agreements that countries can voluntarily join in committing to respecting and protecting human rights internationally.

Protecting human rights is an ongoing effort, and there are still challenges to overcome. But by continuing to advocate, educate, and work together, we can create a world where every individual’s human rights are upheld and honoured.

Role of NGOs and Human Rights Activists

NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations) and human rights activists are vital in protecting human rights. NGOs are special groups that work independently from governments. They raise awareness about human rights issues, help victims of violations, and push for positive changes in laws and policies. 

Human rights activists are passionate individuals who speak up for those whose rights are at risk. They organise protests and campaigns and provide support to those in need. NGOs and activists work together to hold governments and powerful organisations accountable for their actions, fighting for justice and equality for all people. Their efforts make a significant impact in promoting and protecting human rights worldwide.

The Challenges to Protecting Human Rights

Protecting human rights is crucial for ensuring dignity and fairness for all individuals. However, this noble task faces challenges, including more awareness, government resistance, and inequality.

  • Lack of Awareness: Many people may need to be made aware of their rights or the rights of others, making it challenging to address violations.
  • Government Resistance: Some governments may not prioritise human rights and may resist efforts to hold them accountable for violations.
  • Poverty and Inequality: Poverty and inequality can deny basic rights such as education, healthcare, and proper living conditions.
  • Cultural and Religious Practices: Certain cultural or religious beliefs may clash with recognised human rights, making it difficult to find a balance.
  • Conflict and War: Human rights are often ignored during conflicts and wars, leading to violence and displacement.
  • Global Cooperation: Coordinating efforts across countries and cultures to protect human rights can be challenging.

Despite these challenges, dedicated individuals, organisations, and governments continue to work towards promoting and safeguarding human rights for a more just and compassionate world.

Challenges in Upholding Human Rights

Upholding human rights faces several challenges. Lack of awareness about rights, resistance from some governments, and discrimination based on race, gender, or religion are obstacles. Poverty and inequality also deny access to education, healthcare, and necessities. 

Conflicts and wars often violate human rights, while cultural practices may clash with recognised rights. Ensuring access to justice for everyone can be difficult, especially for vulnerable communities. Despite these challenges, dedicated efforts from activists, organisations, and governments are essential in protecting human rights and creating a fair and just world for all individuals.


human rights are like special rules that ensure everyone is treated fairly and kindly. They are important because they protect our freedom, dignity, and well-being. Though challenges exist, we can overcome them by working together. Activists, organisations, and governments play a vital role in upholding human rights and creating a better world for everyone. 

By respecting one another’s rights and standing up against injustice, we can build a future where every person is treated with respect and love. Remember, we all have a part to make the world a kinder and more equal place for all!


Q: What are human rights in India?

A: Human rights in India are the fundamental rights and freedoms guaranteed to all citizens by the Indian Constitution.

Q: Who is the father of human rights?

A: The concept of human rights is attributed to Cyrus the Great, an ancient Persian king.

Q: Why are human rights important?

A: Human rights are essential because they protect all individuals’ dignity, freedom, and well-being.

Q: What are human rights speeches?

A: Human rights speeches are talks or addresses that promote and advocate for protecting human rights.

Q: Who is the first human right?

A: The first human right is often considered the right to life and personal security.

Q: Who started human rights in India?

A: India’s human rights movement gained momentum during the British colonial period and continued after independence.

Q: What is the original name of human rights?

A: The concept of human rights has ancient origins and may not have a single original name.

Q: When did human rights start in India?

A: The formal recognition of human rights in India began with the adoption the Indian Constitution in 1950.

Q: How many human rights are there?

A: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) lists 30 fundamental human rights.

Q: Who is the head of human rights in India?

A: In India, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is headed by a Chairperson.

Q: Who created the rights?

A: Human rights are not created by a single person or entity but are established through international agreements and treaties.

Q: What is the theme of the Human Rights Day?

A: Human Rights Day’s theme changes yearly, focusing on different aspects of human rights.

Q: How have human rights evolved?

A: Human rights have evolved through various philosophical, religious, and legal developments over the centuries.

Updated: August 7, 2023 — 11:17 am

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