Essay On How Many Religions Are There In India For Students & Children

India is a land of many colours, and one of its most vibrant aspects is its rich tapestry of religions. Just like a rainbow made of beliefs, India is home to a multitude of religions that people follow. People here have practised various ways of worship and spirituality from ancient times to the present day. 

Each religion brings traditions, stories, and celebrations, painting a diverse and beautiful picture of faith. In this essay, we will explore the colourful spectrum of religions that coexist harmoniously in India, making it a unique and fascinating place where people from different backgrounds come together to share their beliefs and values.

Ancient Roots of Religious Diversity in India

3.1Ancient Roots of Religious Diversity in India

In ancient India, many different beliefs and ways of worship started to grow, just like colourful flowers in a garden. People followed paths of faith like different roads leading to unique destinations. Long ago, during the Indus Valley Civilization, people showed respect for gods and symbols. 

As time progressed, ancient texts like the Vedas and Upanishads gave rise to Hinduism, while Buddhism, founded by Siddhartha Gautama, spread teachings of kindness and understanding. Alongside, Jainism flourished, teaching about non-violence and self-control. Trade routes connected India to other lands, bringing Zoroastrianism from Persia and Islam from Arabia, adding new threads to the fabric of beliefs. 

These ancient roots of diversity created a rich tapestry of religions. This diverse tapestry reflects India’s long history of accepting and respecting different beliefs, making it a special place where people from various backgrounds can live together in harmony.

The Major Religions of India

3.2 The Major Religions of India

India is like a colourful mosaic of religions, where people follow various paths of faith. Some of the major religions that have deep roots in India include:

1. Hinduism: Often compared to a vast tree with countless branches, Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. It embraces a multitude of gods and goddesses, guiding followers on diverse paths to reach the divine. Hindus offer their prayers in ornate temples, participate in grand festivals like Diwali that celebrate the victory of light over darkness, and revel in the joyous hues of Holi, a festival of colours.

2. Buddhism: Born from the wisdom of Siddhartha Gautama, Buddhism embodies principles of compassion and enlightenment. Buddhists meditate to find inner peace and follow the Eightfold Path. They visit serene monasteries and stupa monuments, connecting with the teachings of Buddha.

3. Islam: The fabric of India warmly embraces the Islamic faith. Muslims gather in mosques for prayers, honouring the teachings of Prophet Muhammad. The holy month of Ramadan is observed with fasting from dawn till dusk, and the celebration of Eid marks a festive time of unity and gratitude.

4. Sikhism: Sikhs, distinguished by their turbans, follow Guru Nanak’s equality and selfless service teachings. The Golden Temple in Amritsar stands as a spiritual centre, welcoming all. Sikhism’s principles emphasise sharing and helping others in times of need.

5. Christianity: The teachings of Jesus Christ shape Christianity, with Christians congregating in churches to pray and seek guidance. Christmas, celebrating the birth of Jesus, and Easter, commemorating his resurrection, are cherished festivals illuminating the spirit of love and forgiveness.

These five major religions interweave India’s cultural fabric, reflecting its profound respect for diversity. As a united nation, Indians cherish the vibrant harmony of beliefs, contributing to the nation’s unique spiritual symphony.

Other Religions in India

3.3 Other Religions in India

In addition to the major religions, India is like a treasure chest filled with many more faiths. People of the Jain religion practice non-violence and respect for all living beings. Zoroastrianism, followed by a small group called Parsis, teaches about goodness and fighting against evil. Baha’i followers believe in unity among all people and worship in beautiful temples called Houses of Worship. 

Then there are tribal religions, where different communities have unique beliefs about nature and spirits. Each religion is like a special colour in India’s big rainbow of faiths, showing how people can believe in different things and still be friends, creating a country where everyone’s beliefs are respected.

Challenges Faced by Minor Religions in India

Minor religions in India add unique colours to the country’s religious canvas. Despite their smaller numbers, these lesser-known faiths contribute to India’s rich diversity, each with its own stories and practices.

  • Fewer Followers: Minor religions have fewer people so they might get less attention or support.
  • Lack of Understanding: Many people need to learn about these religions, so they might not understand or treat them fairly.
  • Different Traditions: Minor religions might have unique ways of doing things, making it hard for them to fit in or explain to others.
  • No Special Places: Sometimes, these religions need special places to worship or meet, which can be tough.
  • Less Recognition: Minor religions might not be recognised or protected as much as bigger religions.
  • Pressure to Change: People from minor religions might feel like they have to be like everyone else, which can be hard for them.

Despite these challenges, people from minor religions work hard to keep their beliefs strong. They teach others about their religion, find ways to do their practices, and stand up for their rights. These minor religions, like puzzle pieces, make India’s religious picture diverse and special.

The Oldest Religion 

3.4 The Oldest Religion

The oldest religion is hard to say because people have believed in different things for a very long time. Some of the oldest religions are Hinduism, which started in India, and ancient beliefs that are not around anymore. It’s like asking who was the first to make a cake – it’s tricky to know! Just like we have old stories from our grandparents, religions also have stories that go way back. So, some people believe in very old ideas about how the world works and how we should be good to each other.

The Challenges of Religious Freedom in India

3.5 The Challenges of Religious Freedom in India

Religious freedom, which means the right to believe and practice any religion, is important. But in India, there are some challenges regarding this freedom. One challenge is that sometimes, people from different religions might get treated differently. This is unfair and goes against the idea of freedom for all.

Another challenge is that people might feel pressured to follow the majority’s beliefs in some places. This can make them hide their own beliefs, which is not right. Sometimes, there are misunderstandings between different religious groups, and this can lead to conflicts. People should respect each other’s beliefs and find ways to get along.

Also, there are laws in India that are meant to protect religious freedom, but these laws might only sometimes be enforced properly. Despite these challenges, many people and organisations are working to ensure everyone can freely follow their beliefs in India. A country needs to respect the diverse beliefs of its people and let them practice their faith without any fear or discrimination.

Constitutional Provisions for Religious Freedom

3.6 Constitutional Provisions for Religious Freedom

Constitutional rules mean important rules written in India’s big rule book. This book says that everyone can follow any religion they want. People can pray to their gods and celebrate their festivals. The country will not tell them what to believe. When we play different games, we can choose the one we like. It’s fair and nice for everyone to do what makes them happy. So, in India, people have the right to believe and pray in their special ways.


Many religions like Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, and more exist in India. People believe in different gods and do special things for their faith. It’s like having many colourful flowers in a garden. It’s important to be kind to each other and learn about our friends’ beliefs. India teaches us that being different is okay and we can live together like a big, happy family. So, let’s be friends and enjoy the beautiful mix of religions India shares.


Q: What are the 12 religions in India?

A: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Baha’i Faith, Judaism, Shinto, Taoism, Indigenous religions.

Q: What are the 14 religions?

A: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Baha’i Faith, Judaism, Shinto, Taoism, Indigenous religions, Jain Dharma, Bahá’í Faith.

Q: Are there 12 religions?

A: No, India has more than 12 religions due to its diverse population.

Q: How many religions are there in the world?

A: There are thousands of religions worldwide.

Q: Who is the No one religion?

A: Christianity is the largest religion in terms of followers.

Q: Who is the No 1 religion in the world?

A: Christianity has the most followers globally.

Q: Which religion is the oldest?

A: Hinduism is one of the oldest religions.

Q: What are the three largest religions?

A: Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism are the three largest religions.

Q: Which is the final religion?

A: There isn’t a “final” religion; beliefs vary.

Q: Who created Hinduism?

A: Hinduism developed over time; no single founder.

Q: Which religion is the newest?

A: Bahá’í Faith is one of the newest religions.

Q: Who is the founder of Hinduism?

A: Hinduism evolved without a single founder.

Premananthan K.
Updated: August 24, 2023 — 7:13 am

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