Essay on Dussehra in English for Students & Children of All Classes

Hello there, curious minds! Let’s embark on a journey into the colourful world of Dussehra, a special festival celebrated with joy and excitement in India. Just like how you celebrate your birthdays with cake and games, Dussehra is a big celebration with stories, music, and lots of fun. 

It’s a time when people come together to remember a brave prince named Rama and his victory over a tricky demon king. This festival is like a grand adventure filled with parades, dances, and the towering effigies of the demon king that are set ablaze. So, get ready to explore the magic of Dussehra and learn about its rich traditions and the triumph of good over evil!

History of Dussehra

5.1 History of Dussehra

The history of Dussehra is like a tale from ancient times, filled with legends and bravery. It all began with a prince named Rama, who lived thousands of years ago. He was a kind and righteous prince, loved by his people. One day, a tricky demon king named Ravana kidnaps Rama’s wife, Sita. With the help of his loyal monkey friend Hanuman and his brother Lakshmana, Rama embarked on a journey to rescue Sita.

After many adventures and battles, Rama finally confronted Ravana. The two fierce warriors fought a mighty battle, and Rama emerged victorious, defeating the demon king and rescuing Sita. The day of Ravana’s defeat is celebrated as Dussehra, marking the triumph of good over evil.

Dussehra is not just about Rama’s victory. It’s a time to remember the importance of truth, righteousness, and standing up against injustice. The festival symbolises the power of good to conquer evil and reminds us always to choose the path of righteousness, just like the brave Prince Rama did long ago.

Significance of Dussehra

Significance of Dussehra

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is a festival brimming with significance and meanings that light up the hearts of people in India. This vibrant celebration marks the victory of good over evil, just like heroes defeating villains in stories. As the effigies of the demon king Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna, and his son Meghnad are set ablaze, it symbolises the triumph of righteousness over wickedness.

Beyond the mythological tale, Dussehra carries valuable lessons. It teaches us to stand up against wrongdoing, just as Prince Rama did to rescue his wife, Sita, from the clutches of the villainous Ravana. The festival encourages us to embrace virtues like courage, honesty, and compassion, vital in our everyday lives.

Dussehra isn’t just about stories; it’s a time of unity. People come together to watch the effigies burn, enjoying festivities and sharing joy. It’s a time for parades, music, and dances that celebrate the victory of good, spreading happiness all around.

Celebrations of Dussehra

5.2 Celebrations of Dussehra

Dussehra is celebrated with great joy and enthusiasm across India. The celebrations vary from region to region, but they all share a common spirit of festivity and victory.

In many places, grand processions are held with beautifully adorned idols of gods and goddesses. People sing and dance, and the atmosphere is full of vibrant colours and music. The highlight of the celebrations is the burning of effigies of the demon king Ravana, which symbolizes the triumph of good over evil.

In some regions, traditional plays and reenactments of the epic Ramayana are performed, recounting the heroic tale of Prince Rama’s victory over Ravana. People also exchange sweets and gifts, strengthening bonds of friendship and community.

Dussehra is not just a festival; it’s a time to come together, celebrate goodness, and remind ourselves of the importance of standing up against injustice. It’s a time of happiness, unity, and the victory of light over darkness.

10-Day Festival

5.3 10 Day Festival

Dussehra, a vibrant 10-day festival, lights up India with joy. From celebrating goddess Durga’s victories to the grand finale of burning Ravana’s effigies, it’s a festive adventure.

  1. Navaratri Start: Dussehra is a 10-day festival that begins with Navaratri, meaning “nine nights.”
  1. Goddess Durga: During Navaratri, people celebrate the goddess Durga’s victories over demons. They pray, sing, and dance in her honour.
  1. Joyful Celebrations: The festival is a time of great excitement and happiness. People come together to celebrate and have fun.
  1. Colourful Processions: Throughout the ten days, there are vibrant processions with idols of gods and goddesses. People dance and sing as they parade through the streets.
  1. Cultural Performances: Traditional dances, plays, and reenactments of epic stories like the Ramayana are performed during the festival.
  1. Culmination on Dussehra: The 10th day is the main event – Dussehra. It’s a day of grand celebrations and special activities.
  1. Effigy Burning: The highlight of Dussehra is the burning of large effigies representing the demon king Ravana and his brothers. This symbolises the victory of good over evil.
  1. Unity and Joy: People exchange sweets, gifts, and wishes, strengthening community and togetherness.
  1. Remembrance: Dussehra teaches the lesson of standing up against injustice, inspired by the heroics of Prince Rama.
  1. Triumph of Goodness: The festival’s essence celebrates the triumph of light and goodness over darkness and evil.

With colourful processions, cultural performances, and the triumph of good over evil, Dussehra’s 10-day journey is a joyful reminder of unity, celebration, and the power of righteousness.

International Celebration 

5.4 International Celebration

Dussehra isn’t just celebrated in India; it’s like a global party where people from different countries join. In some places, it’s called “Dasara.” People come together to enjoy the festival’s happiness and stories. They learn about good defeating bad, just like heroes in their favourite tales. 

They light up the night with colourful processions and fireworks, making it a magical adventure. Dussehra shows that no matter where you’re from, celebrating goodness and happiness is something everyone loves. Like sharing a big cake, people from all over the world come together to share in the joy of Dussehra!

Rituals and Traditions Associated with Dussehra

Dussehra has special things people do to celebrate. They make colourful Rangoli designs, decorate their homes, and wear new clothes. People visit temples and pray to gods for blessings. 

They exchange sweets and gifts with friends and family, just like sharing toys. A big part of Dussehra is watching the Ravana effigies burn like a big bonfire. This shows that good is stronger than bad. People also enjoy dances and plays that tell stories of heroes. Dussehra is a time when everyone comes together, has fun, and remembers the importance of being good and kind.

Festive Impact on Economy and Tourism

5.5 Festive Impact on Economy and Tourism

Dussehra brings not just joy but also economic and tourism boosts. During this festival, people buy new clothes, sweets, and gifts, which helps local businesses thrive. Markets and shops get busy, like a big party for buying and selling.

Tourism gets a sparkle too. People from around the world visit India to experience the colourful celebrations. They join the parades, watch the effigy burning, and enjoy the cultural performances. It’s like a global festival gathering.

Hotels, restaurants, and transport services benefit as tourists flock in. Just like how a festival makes your heart happy, Dussehra’s impact on the economy and tourism is like a joyful dance that brings smiles to businesses and communities.

Environmental Impact

Environmental Impact

Just like we make good choices in our games and activities, it’s important to think about right and wrong. When we celebrate festivals like Dussehra, we should show kindness and respect to everyone. We can also be careful about how we celebrate. 

Using eco-friendly decorations and not causing harm to animals and nature is like being a superhero for the environment. Just as we want to keep our games neat, we should keep our surroundings clean after celebrating festivals. This way, we can enjoy our celebrations and take care of our planet simultaneously.


Dussehra is like a magical festival full of stories, colours, and happiness. It teaches us to be brave and kind, just like the heroes in the tales. We celebrate together, remember good things, and have fun. When we see the big Ravana effigies burning, we learn that good deeds are stronger than bad ones. Dussehra reminds us always to choose the right path and be good friends to everyone. Dussehra leaves us with joy and unity, like how we end a game with a smile.


Q: Is Dussehra celebrated for days?

A: Dussehra is celebrated for ten days, including the nine nights of Navaratri.

Q: What are the nine days in Dussehra?

A: The nine days are called Navaratri, where people worship the goddess Durga in different forms daily.

Q: Is Dussehra the 9th day or the 10th day?

A: Dussehra is the 10th day, marking the end of Navaratri celebrations.

Q: What are the colours of Devi’s nine days?

A: Each day of Navaratri has a specific colour, like red, blue, yellow, and more.

Q: What is Navratri 9 days Colours?

A: Navaratri has colours like red, orange, yellow, green, blue, pink, purple, white, and royal blue for nine days.

Q: What food is given to God in Navratri for nine days?

A: People offer fruits, sweets, and special dishes like sabudana khichdi during Navaratri.

Q: What pooja is done on Dussehra?

A: On Dussehra, people worship goddess Saraswati, seeking blessings for knowledge and wisdom.

Q: Why is Navratri’s nine days important?

A: Navaratri celebrates goddess Durga’s victories and symbolizes the power of good over evil.

Q: Which Navratri pooja is for nine days?

A: The Navaratri pooja, dedicated to the goddess Durga, is celebrated for nine days.

Q: Who are the nine goddesses of Navratri?

A: The nine goddess forms worshipped during Navaratri include Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, and more.

Premananthan K.
Updated: August 21, 2023 — 11:55 am

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