Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, also known as the “Missile Man of India,” was a renowned scientist, teacher, and the 11th President of India. Born on October 15, 1931, in a small village in Tamil Nadu, Dr Kalam rose from humble beginnings to become a respected figure in India and globally. He was pivotal in India’s space and missile programs, contributing significantly to scientific advancements.
Dr Kalam was an exceptional scientist and a great motivator and inspiration to millions of young minds. His simplicity, dedication, and vision for a prosperous India continue to inspire generations, making him a beloved figure in the hearts of people across the country.
Childhood and Education
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam had a humble beginning in his childhood. He was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, a small town in Tamil Nadu, India. He belonged to a modest family and faced many hardships early on. Despite the challenges, Kalam had a strong desire for learning.
During his childhood, Kalam was interested in science and mathematics. He excelled in his studies and showed exceptional talent in these subjects. His teachers recognised his potential and encouraged him to pursue higher education.
Kalam completed his secondary education at Schwartz Higher Secondary School in Ramanathapuram. Later, he attended Saint Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli, where he studied physics. After completing his bachelor’s degree, he pursued aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology.
Throughout his educational journey, Kalam demonstrated hard work, dedication, and a thirst for knowledge. His passion for science and commitment to learning would shape his future as a prominent scientist and visionary leader.
Contribution to Science and Technology
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam made significant contributions to science and technology. As a prominent scientist, he was pivotal in India’s defence and space programs. Kalam was instrumental in developing India’s nuclear capabilities and missile technology, leading to the successful test-firing of various missiles. He was a driving force behind the indigenous development of critical systems, including the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), which enabled India to launch satellites into space.
Kalam’s expertise, innovation, and leadership in science and technology strengthened India’s defence capabilities but also elevated the country’s status as a technologically advanced nation. His contributions continue to inspire and shape India’s scientific advancements.
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam had a notable political career alongside his scientific achievements. After his remarkable contributions to India’s defence and space programs, he was appointed as the 11th President of India in 2002. During his presidency, Kalam focused on youth development, education, and promoting scientific advancements.
He connected with people from all walks of life, particularly the youth, inspiring them to dream big and work towards a prosperous India. Kalam’s presidency was marked by his humility, integrity, and dedication to serving the nation. His political career further solidified his legacy as a visionary leader and a true inspiration to the people of India.
Awards and Honours
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam received numerous awards and honours throughout his illustrious career. Some of the notable recognitions bestowed upon him include:
In 1997, Kalam was honoured with India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, for his exceptional contributions to science and technology.
In 1990, he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award in India, in recognition of his distinguished service in science and engineering.
Von Braun Award:
In 2013, Kalam was posthumously awarded the Von Braun Award by the National Space Society (NSS), honouring his significant contributions to space exploration and advocacy.
He received the prestigious Hoover Medal in 2009, recognising individuals for outstanding civic and humanitarian achievements.
Dr Kalam received honorary doctorates from over 40 universities worldwide, acknowledging his exceptional contributions to science, technology, and leadership.
These awards and honours reflect the immense respect and admiration that Dr APJ Abdul Kalam garnered for his exceptional achievements, visionary thinking, and dedicated service to the nation.
Writings and Characteristics
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was a remarkable scientist, leader, and accomplished writer. He authored several books, inspiring and motivating readers with his words. Some of his notable works include:
Wings of Fire: An Autobiography: This book chronicles Kalam’s early life, his journey as a scientist, and his vision for India’s development. It remains one of his most famous and influential works.
Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India: In this book, Kalam shares his thoughts on unlocking India’s vast potential by igniting the minds of its youth and fostering innovation.
India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium: Co-authored with Y.S. Rajan, this book presents Kalam’s vision for a developed India by 2020, highlighting key focus areas and strategies for achieving growth.
Dr Kalam’s writing reflected his passion, vision, and commitment to nation-building. He had a knack for simplifying complex ideas and making them accessible to readers of all ages. His books continue to inspire and guide countless individuals, fostering a spirit of innovation, perseverance, and patriotism. In addition to his writing, Dr Kalam was known for his humility, integrity, and dedication to serving the nation, embodying the qualities of a true leader and role model.
World Students’ Day
World Students’ Day is celebrated on October 15th each year to honour the birth anniversary of the late Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. This day is a tribute to his immense contributions to education and dedication to nurturing young minds. Schools, colleges, and educational institutions worldwide commemorate this day by organising various activities, including seminars, competitions, and inspirational talks, to inspire and motivate students.
The celebration encourages students to follow Dr Kalam’s footsteps, embrace knowledge, and strive for excellence, ensuring his legacy lives on through the generations.
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, the eminent scientist, visionary leader, and inspiring role model, left an indelible mark on the world. His life and achievements are a beacon of hope and inspiration for countless individuals. Dr Kalam’s journey embodies the power of determination, hard work, and integrity from his humble beginnings to his significant contributions to science, technology, and education.
His legacy continues to motivate us to dream big, strive for excellence, and work towards the betterment of society. As we remember his words and ideals, we carry forward his vision of a prosperous and inclusive nation, making Dr APJ Abdul Kalam a true icon of inspiration and a guiding light for future generations.
Q: Why is Abdul Kalam, my hero?
A: Abdul Kalam is my hero because of his exceptional achievements and inspiring leadership.
Q: How is Abdul Kalam an inspiration?
A: Abdul Kalam is an inspiration due to his determination, humility, and commitment to the nation.
Q: What is the slogan of Abdul Kalam?
A: Abdul Kalam’s slogan was “Dream, Dream, Dream. Dreams transform into thoughts, and thoughts result in action.”
Q: Why is Abdul Kalam famous in India?
A: Abdul Kalam is famous in India for his contributions to science and technology and his presidency.
Q: What is Abdul Kalam’s passion?
A: Abdul Kalam’s passion was to ignite the minds of youth and promote education and innovation.
Q: What was Abdul Kalam’s advice?
A: Abdul Kalam advised people to have a vision, work hard, and be dedicated to their goals.
Q: Which is the best speech of APJ Abdul Kalam?
A: The best speech of APJ Abdul Kalam is subjective and can vary based on personal opinion.
Q: Why was Dr Kalam successful in life?
A: Dr Kalam was successful due to his hard work, perseverance, and commitment to excellence.
Q: What is Kalam famously known as?
A: Kalam is famously known as the “Missile Man of India.”