Essay on Dowry System in English for Students & Children of All Classes

Hey there, young thinkers! Have you ever heard about the “Dowry System”? It’s like a puzzle that grown-ups talk about. Imagine if when someone gets married, they give a lot of money and gifts to the other family. 

This might seem strange. In this essay, we’ll explore the dowry system, why it’s important to understand, and how people work to improve things. Let’s unlock the secrets of this puzzle together!

History of Dowry in India

1 History of Dowry in India

The history of dowry in India goes back a long time. In ancient times, dowry was a way to give a girl her share of the family’s wealth when she got married. It was meant to help her start her new life. But over the years, this idea changed. Dowry was considered a burden for the bride’s family during certain periods. 

In the past, families gave gifts and things to celebrate the marriage. But slowly, it became demands for money and expensive gifts from the groom’s family. This change led to many problems and unfair treatment of brides. Laws were made to stop these issues, but challenges remain. Understanding the history of dowry helps us see how traditions can change and how important it is to treat everyone fairly in marriages.

Who Fought Against the Dowry System

Many brave people, like superheroes, fought against the dowry system. They said, “No more!” and worked to stop this unfair tradition. Women’s rights champions like Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Jyotirao Phule and modern heroes like NGOs and activists joined forces. 

They talked, wrote, and protested, telling everyone that dowry is wrong and hurts families. These heroes made special laws, like the Dowry Prohibition Act, to protect girls and stop dowry demands. They’re like the good guys in a story, fighting for fairness and making our world better for everyone.

Causes of Dowry

2 Causes of Dowry

Sure, here are some key causes of the dowry system:

  • Traditional Beliefs: In the past, dowry was seen as a way to help the bride start her new life and support the newlyweds. However, this tradition changed over time, and dowry started becoming a demand from the groom’s family.
  • Social Pressures: Society sometimes pressures families to give dowry to show their social status and wealth. This can make families feel compelled to give more than they can afford.
  • Gender Inequality: In some places, girls were not given equal opportunities as boys, leading to a belief that dowry could help “compensate” for the girl’s future in-laws.
  • Economic Factors: Economic disparities and financial expectations can contribute to dowry demands, where families with less wealth may feel obligated to give more to secure a marriage.
  • Lack of Education: Lack of awareness and education can perpetuate the dowry system, as people may need help understanding its negative consequences.
  • Pressure from In-Laws: Some groom’s families may demand dowry as a condition for marriage, putting pressure on the bride’s family to meet those demands.

Understanding these causes can help us address the dowry system and work towards creating a more equal and just society.

Consequences of Dowry

Consequences of Dowry

Certainly, let’s delve deeper into the consequences of the dowry system:

  • Financial Burden: The pressure to provide a substantial dowry can lead families to spend beyond their means, often resulting in financial difficulties, loans, and even bankruptcy. This burden can affect the family’s overall well-being and future stability.
  • Gender Inequality: Dowry reinforces harmful gender stereotypes, portraying women as commodities whose value is determined by material possessions. This inequality can limit opportunities for women and perpetuate unequal power dynamics within families.
  • Domestic Violence: Dowry-related disputes can escalate into serious conflicts, leading to physical and emotional abuse of brides. The fear of not meeting dowry expectations can keep brides in toxic relationships, exposing them to harm.
  • Marital Strain: Dowry conflicts can create tension between newlyweds and their families. Marital happiness and harmony may be compromised, impacting the couple’s emotional well-being and overall satisfaction.
  • Divorce: Dowry-related issues contribute to marital breakdowns and, in extreme cases, divorce. Divorces resulting from dowry disputes can have lasting emotional, psychological, and financial effects on both parties.
  • Selective Abortions: In societies where dowry is prevalent, families might resort to sex-selective abortions to avoid the perceived financial burden of raising a daughter and arranging her dowry.
  • Exploitation: Brides who bring inadequate dowries may face exploitation, discrimination, and even cruelty from their in-laws. Their contributions to the family might be disregarded, leading to a lack of respect and dignity.

Addressing these far-reaching consequences requires a collective effort to challenge traditional norms, educate communities about the harmful effects of dowry, and implement strict legal measures to ensure fairness and equality in marriages.

Solutions to the Dowry Problem

Solutions to the Dowry Problem

The dowry system is a complex issue deeply rooted in society, but several effective solutions exist to address and eventually eliminate this harmful practice. By implementing these strategies, we can work towards creating a more equitable and respectful society for all.

  • Education and Awareness: Promote comprehensive education and awareness campaigns at schools, colleges, and community centres. These initiatives should highlight the negative consequences of dowry and emphasise gender equality, encouraging a shift in societal mindsets.
  • Legal Enforcement: Strengthen the enforcement of anti-dowry laws and regulations. Ensure those who demand or accept dowry are held accountable and face appropriate legal consequences.
  • Support Systems: Establish helplines, counselling centres, and safe spaces for individuals facing dowry-related pressures. Provide emotional and legal support to those affected and empower them to stand up against the practice.
  • Empowerment of Women: Create opportunities for women’s education, skill development, and economic independence. When women are financially self-sufficient, the pressure for dowry diminishes.
  • Community Engagement: Collaborate with community leaders, religious institutions, and local organisations to condemn and discourage the practice of dowry. Engage them in promoting gender equality and respectful relationships.
  • Youth Involvement: Encourage young people to be agents of change. Promote discussions, workshops, and forums where youth can openly address and challenge traditional norms associated with dowry.

By implementing these solutions, we can collectively work towards eradicating the dowry system, fostering gender equality, and creating a society where love, respect, and partnership are valued over material possessions. The path to change may be challenging, but the rewards for a more harmonious and just society are well worth the effort.

Who Removed Dowry in India?

Efforts to remove dowry from Indian society involve individuals, organisations, and initiatives working collectively to combat this harmful practice. Government bodies, women’s rights activists, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), legal institutions, and social reformers all contribute to addressing and raising awareness about dowry-related issues. 

These efforts include implementing anti-dowry laws, conducting awareness campaigns, providing legal assistance to victims, offering counselling services, promoting gender equality, and advocating for policy changes. While no single individual or entity is solely responsible for removing dowry, it is a collaborative endeavour involving many dedicated individuals and groups striving to create a more just and equal society.

Which Acts Prevent Dowry

Which Acts Prevent Dowry

Several acts have been enacted to prevent dowry-related practices and protect individuals from harassment. Some of these acts include:

  • The Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961 (India) explicitly prohibits giving or taking dowry in connection with marriages. It aims to prevent the demand for dowry and provides penalties for those who violate the law.
  • Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 (India): While not solely focused on dowry, this act protects women from various forms of abuse, including dowry harassment. It provides remedies and support to victims.
  • The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 (India) addresses the issue of child marriages, which can often be associated with dowry demands. It sets the legal age for marriage and aims to prevent the exploitation of young brides.
  • Marriage Laws (Amendment) Act, 2013 (India): This act amended certain provisions of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, and the Special Marriage Act, 1954. It aims to safeguard the rights of married women and prevent harassment due to dowry.
  • Violence Against Women Act, 1994 (United States): While not focused solely on dowry, this U.S. federal law addresses violence against women, which can include dowry-related abuse.

These acts, among others, play a crucial role in creating a legal framework to prevent dowry-related practices and protect the rights and well-being of individuals, particularly women, in the context of marriage.


So, my young friends, remember that the dowry system is like a puzzle many people solve together. We learned how it started with good intentions but turned into something unfair. Brave heroes and laws are working to make things right. 

Like in a story, we should stand up for what’s fair and equal. Let’s be superheroes, too, saying no to dowry and ensuring everyone is treated with kindness and respect. We can create a world where marriages are based on love, not material things.


Q: What is the main reason for dowry?

A: Tradition, social status, and sometimes greed led to dowry.

Q: Is dowry right or wrong?

A: Dowry is wrong; it treats brides as transactions, causing harm.

Q: What is the solution to dowry?

A: Raising awareness, education, and strict legal action can help end dowry.

Q: What are the problems with dowry?

A: Abuse, inequality, financial burden, and marital issues are problems with dowry.

Q: Who started the dowry system?

A: Its origin is complex, but it evolved.

Q: Who removed dowry in India?

A: Efforts from activists, laws, and awareness campaigns combat dowry.

Q: Which acts prevent dowry?

A: The Dowry Prohibition Act and domestic violence laws help prevent dowry.

Q: Who fought against the dowry system?

A: Heroes like Raja Ram Mohan Roy and modern activists fought against dowry.

Q: Conclusion of dowry?

A: Dowry harms; united efforts for fairness and respect are vital.

Q: Is giving dowry a crime?

A: Yes, giving or taking dowry is a crime.

Q: When was dowry banned?

A: Dowry was banned in 1961 in India.

Q: What is the history of dowry?

A: Dowry’s history spans centuries; it changed from its original purpose.

Q: Laws and punishment for dowry?

A: Laws like Dowry Prohibition Act aim to prevent dowry; punishment includes fines and imprisonment.

Premananthan K.
Updated: August 17, 2023 — 7:51 am

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