Essay on Corruption and its Causes For Students & Children in Easy Words

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By essayavenue

Welcome to this blog post, where we discuss corruption and its causes. Corruption happens when people in power misuse their authority for personal gain instead of working for the benefit of society. It can include bribery, embezzlement, and nepotism. This essay will explore why corruption occurs, such as greed, lack of transparency, and weak governance. 

Understanding the causes of corruption helps us realise its harmful effects and the importance of fostering honesty, integrity, and accountability in our communities. Let’s dive into the world of corruption and discover ways to build a more fair and just society.

What is corruption?

Corruption refers to dishonest and unethical behaviour where individuals in positions of power abuse their authority for personal gain. It involves misusing public resources, bribery, embezzlement, nepotism, and other illicit practices. Corruption undermines trust in institutions, hampers economic growth, and erodes the fabric of society. It can occur in various sectors, such as politics, government, business, and everyday interactions. 

Corruption negatively impacts the delivery of public services, distorts fair competition, and perpetuates inequality. Combating corruption requires transparency, strong governance, and collective efforts to promote integrity, accountability, and ethical behaviour. A society free from corruption is essential for fostering fairness, justice, and sustainable development.

Why corruption is a serious problem

Corruption is a serious problem because it undermines the foundation of fair and just societies. It perpetuates inequality, distorts economic systems, and hampers development efforts. Corruption erodes public trust in institutions and undermines the rule of law, leading to social unrest and political instability. 

It diverts public resources for essential services like healthcare, education, and infrastructure, depriving and marginalising vulnerable populations. Additionally, corruption breeds a culture of impunity, where those responsible for wrongdoing go unpunished, creating a vicious cycle of corruption. 

To address this problem, it is crucial to combat corruption through transparency, accountability, and strong legal frameworks, promoting a society where integrity and ethical conduct prevail and public resources are utilised for the common good.

Corruption is a complex problem with many causes.

Corruption is a big problem when people in power do dishonest things for their benefit. It’s not a simple issue because it occurs for many reasons. Some people become greedy and want more money or power, so they start doing corrupt things. Other times, there are weak rules and insufficient punishments, so people think they can get away with corruption. 

Corruption can also happen when there is a lack of fairness and transparency in how things are done. To solve this problem, we need strict rules, ensure people are held responsible for their actions, and promote honesty and fairness in our society.

Different types of corruption

Corruption takes many forms, each eroding the principles of fairness and honesty. This article explores the different types of corruption, shedding light on the deceptive practices that undermine trust and hinder societal progress.

  • Bribery: Offering or accepting money, gifts, or favours to influence the actions or decisions of individuals in positions of power.
  • Embezzlement: Misappropriation of funds or assets by individuals entrusted with their management, diverting them for personal gain.
  • Nepotism: Favoritism shown to family members or close associates in granting positions, contracts, or benefits rather than based on merit.
  • Extortion: Coercing or demanding money, property, or other benefits through threats or blackmail.
  • Fraud: Engaging in deceitful practices, such as forgery, misrepresentation, or manipulation of documents, to deceive others and gain personal advantage.
  • Money Laundering: Concealing the origins of illegally obtained money by making it appear legitimate through complex financial transactions.

Corruption manifests in various ways, eroding the fabric of society and hindering development. Recognising and addressing the different forms of corruption are essential to fostering transparency, accountability, and a culture of integrity. Collectively combating corruption can build a more equitable and just world.

Causes of corruption

Corruption has deep-rooted causes that fuel its existence. This article explores the underlying factors contributing to corruption, such as greed, weak governance, and lack of accountability. 

  • Greed and Self-Interest: The desire for personal gain and wealth can drive individuals to engage in corrupt practices, putting their interests above the welfare of society.
  • Weak Governance: Inadequate systems and institutions, including insufficient checks and balances, ineffective law enforcement, and lack of transparency, create an environment conducive to corruption.
  • Lack of Accountability: When there is no proper mechanism to hold individuals accountable for their actions, it increases the likelihood of corruption as perpetrators face little or no consequences.
  • Poverty and Inequality: Economic disparities and poverty create an environment where corruption can thrive as individuals seek illicit means to escape poverty or secure necessities.
  • Lack of Ethical Values: The absence of strong moral and ethical values, both in individuals and within society, can contribute to a culture of corruption, where unethical practices are normalised.

Understanding the causes of corruption helps in designing effective strategies to combat it. By addressing these root causes through transparency, accountability, and ethical governance, we can create a society that values integrity and works towards eradicating corruption.

Impact of Corruption on Individuals, businesses, and Society 

Corruption has negative impacts on individuals, businesses, and society as a whole. For individuals, corruption means unfairness and inequality. It can hinder access to basic services like healthcare and education, as resources meant for the public should be used more. Businesses suffer from unfair competition, bribery, and unethical practices, which hinder economic growth and development. 

Corruption also erodes public trust in institutions, leading to social unrest and political instability. It diverts funds from important projects and causes a misallocation of resources. Ultimately, corruption affects everyone in society, particularly the most vulnerable, as it perpetuates poverty, inequality, and a lack of opportunities. Combating corruption is crucial for building a fair and just society where everyone has equal access to resources and opportunities.

Ways to prevent corruption

Preventing corruption is crucial for building fair and just societies. In this article, we explore effective strategies to prevent corruption, such as enhancing transparency, promoting accountability, and educating citizens about the harmful effects of corruption.

  • Strengthen Transparency: Promote transparency in government operations, public procurement, and financial transactions by implementing open and accessible processes.
  • Enhance Accountability: Establish mechanisms to hold individuals accountable for their actions, ensuring swift and fair justice for corrupt practices.
  • Encourage Whistleblowing: Create a safe and supportive environment for whistleblowers to come forward with information about corrupt activities, protecting them from retaliation.
  • Educate and Raise Awareness: Foster a culture of integrity by educating citizens about the harmful effects of corruption and promoting ethical values from an early age.
  • Implement Anti-Corruption Laws: Enact and enforce strong laws that criminalise corrupt practices and punish offenders.
  • Promote Good Governance: Enhance transparency, accountability, and participation in decision-making processes, reducing opportunities for corruption.

By implementing these preventive measures, societies can work towards a corruption-free environment, fostering fairness, trust, and sustainable development.


Corruption is a deeply rooted problem with causes that stem from greed, weak governance, and lack of accountability. It has far-reaching consequences, impacting individuals, businesses, and society. However, by understanding the causes of corruption and implementing effective measures like transparency, accountability, and ethical leadership, we can create a society that values integrity and fights against corruption. 

Our collective responsibility is to promote a culture of honesty and fairness, ensuring a brighter future where corruption finds no place. Let us strive towards a world of integrity, transparency, and equality principles.


Q: What are the four types of corruption?

A: The four types of corruption are bribery, embezzlement, nepotism, and extortion.

Q: What are the effects of corruption?

A: Corruption has detrimental effects, including hindering development, fostering inequality, undermining trust in institutions, and diverting resources from public welfare.

Q: What are two ways of corruption?

A: Two common ways of corruption are bribery, involving the exchange of money or favours for influence, and embezzlement, which is the misappropriation of funds or assets for personal gain.

Q: Why is corruption high in India?

A: Factors contributing to high corruption levels in India include weak governance, complex bureaucratic processes, inadequate transparency, and lack of effective accountability mechanisms.

Q: How do you fight corruption?

A: Corruption can be fought by promoting transparency, strengthening accountability, enforcing anti-corruption laws, educating citizens, encouraging ethical leadership, and engaging civil society in monitoring and combating corrupt practices.

Q: How can we make corruption-free in India?

A: Achieving a corruption-free India requires systemic reforms, such as improving governance, enhancing transparency, empowering anti-corruption agencies, promoting ethical behaviour, and fostering a culture of integrity.

Q: What is the case of corruption?

A: A case of corruption refers to an instance where individuals or organisations are involved in corrupt practices and face legal proceedings or investigations for their actions.

Q: How does corruption affect the economy?

A: Corruption negatively impacts the economy by hindering investment, distorting market competition, reducing productivity, undermining public trust, and diverting resources from vital sectors like healthcare and education.

Q: What is a corruption reference?

A: Corruption reference typically refers to the documentation or evidence presented in legal proceedings related to corruption cases.

Q: What is Corruption Act in India?

A: The Prevention of Corruption Act in India is a law that criminalises corrupt practices and provides a legal framework for preventing and combating corruption in the country.

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