Essay on Communalism in India for Students & Children in Easy Words

Imagine a big puzzle called India, where people from different backgrounds live together. Sometimes, instead of fitting in, they start seeing their differences more than their similarities. This is called communalism. It’s like forgetting that we’re all part of one country and treating others unfairly because of their religion or community. 

In this essay, we will learn more about what communalism is, why it happens, and what we can do to make our country a peaceful and united place where everyone respects and cares for each other. Just like friends in a playground, we should all play nicely in this big Indian puzzle!

Historical Roots of Communalism

2.1 Historical Roots of Communalism

Long ago, in the history of India, there were times when people from different religions and communities lived together peacefully. But over the years, things changed. Communalism started taking root when some leaders and groups focused on differences between religions instead of our shared bonds.

In the past, rulers from outside India sometimes used these differences to gain power. They tried to create divisions among people for their benefit. This made communities suspicious of each other. Over time, misunderstandings grew, and people felt more connected to their group than the whole country.

This history teaches us that communalism only sometimes existed. It slowly grew because of various reasons, including political manipulation. Understanding these roots can help us work towards unity and harmony among all communities in India.

Forms of Communalism 

2.2 Forms of Communalism

Communalism can show up in different ways, like different flavours of ice cream. Imagine there are three types:

  1. Religious Separation:

Religious separation happens when some people believe only their religion is right and others are wrong. It’s like saying, “My flavour of ice cream is the best, and all the others are bad.” This kind of thinking divides people based on their beliefs, and they might want to be distinct from those who follow a different faith. 

  1. Hate and Prejudice:

Hate and prejudice mean having strong, negative feelings about people from other communities. It’s like thinking your team is the best and making fun of the other teams. People might believe wrong things about others just because they’re from a different group. This can lead to hurtful words and actions, and it’s not fair. Imagine if fans of one team were mean to fans of another team just because they liked a different sport.

  1. Conflict and Violence:

This is the most serious form of communalism. It’s when differences turn into fights and even violence. It’s as if fans from two teams started fighting instead of enjoying the game. People might get hurt, and things can get really bad. In the same way, when communities fight and hurt each other because of their differences, it’s a terrible situation that harms everyone.

Remember, we must treat each other kindly and respectfully, regardless of our community. Just like enjoying different flavours of ice cream together, we can live in harmony and learn from each other’s uniqueness.

Factors Contributing to Communalism 

2.3 Factors Contributing to Communalism

Communalism has reasons that make it grow like a puzzle with many pieces. Let’s understand some of these reasons:

  • Misunderstanding: Sometimes, people need to learn more about other communities. It’s like not knowing what games others like to play. This lack of understanding can create confusion and fear.
  • Political Games: Just like some people play games for their benefit, some leaders use communalism to get power. They make people believe that only their community is important.
  • Historical Conflicts: Long ago, there were conflicts between different communities. These stories can get passed down, and people might still have bad feelings, like holding onto old arguments.
  • Economic Issues: When there’s not enough to share, people can start blaming others from different communities. It’s like fighting over toys when there’s not enough for everyone.
  • Media Influence: Sometimes, the news or movies show communities in a bad way. This can make people think that others are bad, even if not.

Understanding these reasons helps us see how communalism starts and how we can work to stop it. Like solving a puzzle, we must find ways to make all the pieces fit together peacefully.

Impact of Communalism

Imagine if friends suddenly started arguing instead of playing together. That’s what happens when communalism grows. It brings fights, hurts feelings, and stops progress.

  • Divides Friends: Communalism can make people from different communities stop being friends. It’s like if you and your friends stopped playing together because of some silly reason.
  • Hurts Feelings: When people say mean things about someone’s community, it hurts their feelings. It’s as if someone made fun of your favourite game and made you sad.
  • Creates Fights: Communalism can lead to fights between communities, just like if two teams’ fans started fighting instead of enjoying the game.
  • Stops Progress: When communities fight, the country can’t move forward together. It’s like a car with its wheels stuck in mud. Everyone needs to work together to make the car move.

Understanding the impact of communalism helps us realise how important it is to stay united and respect each other’s differences. Like playing together in harmony, a united country grows strong and happy.

Role of Media and Civil Society

2.4 Role of Media and Civil Society

Media plays a significant role in shaping how we see the world. Just like storytellers, they tell us news and stories. Sometimes, the media can focus only on the negative things about different communities, making people think everyone from a particular group is bad. 

To tackle communalism, the media should share fair and balanced stories, highlighting the positive aspects of all communities. On the other hand, civil society acts like helpful friends. They work to promote unity and understanding among different groups.  Civil society groups organise events and activities where people from various communities can interact, learn, and play together. 

These activities help in breaking down misunderstandings and building friendships. The media and civil society play vital roles in countering communalism by spreading positive messages and fostering connections, like friends working together to solve a puzzle.

Success Stories and Examples

Success stories are like cheering for someone who did something great. Let’s look at two examples of how people defeated communalism:

  • Joint Celebrations: In a town, people from different communities started celebrating festivals together. They cooked each other’s special foods and danced together. This made them realise they were all friends, no matter their backgrounds.
  • Peaceful Protests: Once, in a city, some people wanted to fight because of communal issues. But others protested by holding hands and forming a human chain peacefully. This showed unity and made the fighting group change their minds.

These stories teach us that when we come together as friends, we can defeat communalism and make our country peaceful and happy. It’s like solving a tricky puzzle and feeling proud of our success.

Government Policies and Initiatives

2.5 Government Policies and Initiatives 1

Imagine the government as a teacher guiding the class. Let’s learn about policies and initiatives they use to stop communalism:

  • Laws Against Hate: The government makes rules that say we can’t say mean things about other communities. This helps stop fights and hurt feelings, just like how we’re not allowed to bully in school, so everyone feels safe.
  • Equal Opportunities: The government wants everyone to have the same chances. They ensure schools and jobs are open to everyone, no matter where they’re from. It’s like ensuring everyone plays in a game so it’s fair for all.
  • Unity Programs: The government organises events where people from different communities can learn about each other’s cultures. It’s like having a big picnic where we share our favourite foods and games, so we all become friends.
  • Awareness Campaigns: They use ads and messages to teach people that we’re all friends, no matter what community we belong to. It’s like putting up posters that remind us to be kind and respectful to everyone.
  • Supporting Peaceful Groups: The government helps groups that work to bring communities together. They give them things they need, like money or space, and cheer them on. It’s like a teacher supporting clubs at school to make them successful.

Using these policies and initiatives, the government helps make our country happy and peaceful, just like how a teacher guides us to be good friends in the classroom.


In the end, communalism is like a cloud that covers the sun of unity. But we can make it disappear by being kind friends to everyone, no matter where they come from. Like putting puzzle pieces together, we can build a strong and peaceful country where all communities live happily. 

By learning from the past and working together, we can make India a place where love and friendship shine brighter than anything else. So, let’s hold hands like a big chain and say no to communalism, making our nation a beautiful garden of harmony.


What is the simple definition of communalism?

Communalism is when people focus more on their religious or cultural groups and treat others unfairly because of their differences.

What is communalism and its forms?

Communalism is when people emphasize their community and mistreat others. Its forms include religious separation, prejudice, and conflicts.

What is communalism in history?

Historically, communalism developed when differences among religious or cultural groups led to tensions and conflicts.

What is communalism in government?

Communalism in government can refer to policies favouring one community over others, leading to divisions.

Who is the father of communalism?

The term “father of communalism” is not commonly associated with any individual, as communalism is a complex social phenomenon.

Vikas Baniwal
Updated: August 28, 2023 — 3:21 pm

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