Diversity In India Essay For Students In Easy Words – Read Here


Indian society presents the most influential illustration of a culturally diverse society expressed in various religions, languages, eating habits, customs, dress, festivals, beliefs, etc. Despite being targeted by the Mughals, the British, etc., it is also known as the oldest surviving civilization.

The values ​​of tolerance, mutual respect, dissatisfaction, and deliberation have been a permanent feature of Indian society.

Geographical Diversity

India’s deserts, evergreen forests, Himalayan mountains, a long coastline, and fertile plains are endowed with many diverse geographical features. Climates here are ranging from extreme heat in the plains to the hottest places, whereas the cold climate up to the freezing point of the Himalayas.

The plains are considered one of the most fertile regions of the world, while other areas such as the desert are highly productive. India is highly dependent on the monsoon, the amount of rainfall across the country is not the same.

Some of the places in the Western Ghats and in the northeastern region are highly covered with rainfall, while rainfall is much less in places like Sindh and Rajasthan.

Land of Spirituality and Philosophy

India is the origin of four major religions of the world like Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Apart from this, the receptive nature of Indian society, also follows Islam religion, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, etc. continue to be a major part of our population.

From the beginning of our civilization i.e. from the time of Vedic and post-Vedic era, Vedic and non-Vedic concepts existed.

Caste Diversity

Although the main caste in Hindu society, at present, they have also become major components of other communities such as Islam, Christianity, etc. Traditionally in the Hindu religion, there are four varnas i.e, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras and there are also several major castes and subcastes at lower levels.

However, all castes have different rules of different professions, rituals, marriages, and meals, etc.

Language Diversity

Under the eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution, 22 languages ​​have been recognized. However, according to the linguistic survey of India, there are 780 languages ​​and 86 scripts in India that exists. In the context of India, it is often said that language is different every 4 miles.

Family Diversity

The family has been the most important institution of Indian society. However, the nature of the family and conflicts are also found on a large scale in the country. The patriarchal form is found in most families in northern India, while in southern parts the matriarchal form is found in the tribes.

There is a distinct joint family system found in India. But currently, the nature of the family system has changed from the single-family system, live-in relationship, single-parent family, etc.


Respect for diversity and nurturing national identity should be the aim of Indian society. Indian society is considered synonymous with diversity. It presents a wide variety of natural features, religious beliefs, and cultural patterns.

Despite the challenges posed by diversity, to sustain Indian society and the important role played by socio-cultural diversity in development cannot be doubted.

Updated: March 24, 2020 — 4:37 am

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