Communalism, as we understand it in our country, is blind loyalty to one is own religious group. It is described as a tool to mobilize people for or against by raising an appeal on communal lines. Communalism is objected with religious fundamentalism and dogmatism.
Communism is a social phenomenon characterized by the religion of two communities, often leading to a communal, tension and even rioting between them, it is an instrument in the hands of upper caste to concentrate power by dividing people.
Characteristics Of Communalism
Communalism is an ideological consent.
It is a compare process.
It has a broader base which encompasses social economic and political aspects for its manifestation.
It causes rivalry, violence, and tension a many masses.
It is used by higher class people and elites as an instrument for division and exploitation of the communal identity of the poor of a section of their religionists.
Communalism is simply engineered by the opportunistic, political and economic interest of contending groups and factions within a political party or by political parties.
It strikes at the roots of democracy, secularism and national integration.
Its effects are disastrous.
Causes of Communalism
The Tendency Of The Minorities
The Muslims fail to be intermingled in the national mainstream, most of them do not participate in the secular nationalistic politics and insist on maintaining for a separate identity, the elite amount the Muslims have failed to generate the appropriate national ethos.
Design Of The Leaders
Communalism has flourished in India because the communalist leaders of both Hindu and Muslim communities desire to flourished it in the interest of their community.
Weak Economic Status
A majority of Muslims in India has failed to adopt the scientific and technological Education due to their educational backwardness, they have not been represented sufficiently in the failing of relative depreciation, and such feelings contain the seeds of communalism.
A cultural similarity is a powerful factor in fostering amicable relations between any two social groups. But the social institution, customs, and practices of Hindus and Muslims are so divergent that they think themselves to be two distinct communities.
Psychological factors play an important role in the development of communalism. The Hindus think that the Muslims are fanatics and unpatriotic.
On the contrary, the Muslims feel that they are being treated as a second-rate citizen in India and their religious beliefs and practices are inferior. These fillings lead to a communal ill feeling.
The Negative Impact of Mass Media
The messages relating to communes tension or not in any part of the country spread through the mass media. This results in furtherer tension and riots between two rival religious groups.
Suggestion For The Eradication Of Communalism
Efforts should be made through mass media for changing the attitude of people towards often communities’ people must be aware of the evils of communalism.
Youth organizations and other types of associations should be formed in every locality to give the opportunity to people of different communities to come close and know each other.
This many help them to practice inter-religious marriage which will lessen the social distance among the member of different religious groups.
Communalism is an ideology and like all ideologies, it is socially constructed. It cannot be separated from the politics of the time, nor can it be distanced from the material foundations of society and the political configurations.
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