Swaccha Bharat Abhiyan is also called as the clean India mission or clean India drive or Swachha Bharat campaign. It is an Additional level campaign run by the Indian government to cover all the backward statutory towns to make them clean.
This campaign involves promoting sanitation programmes in the rural areas, cleaning streets, road and changing the infrastructure of the country to lead the country ahead.
Swaccha Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness campaign run by the government of India and initiated by the honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The Objective Of Clean India Mission (Swachh Bharat Mission)
The mission aims to eradicate open deprecation by 2019. The mission aims to eliminate open defecation by constructing toilets for household, communities, abolishing manual scavenging; ushering in advanced municipal solid waste management practices, encouraging private sectors involved in the sanitation sector and last but not least by bringing about attitudinal change about sanitation.
Clean India would make a significant impact on public health. It would safeguard the income of the poor, ultimately contributing to the national economy.
Advantages Of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Mission)
Improve The Health Of Masses
If there is a stoppage in open defecation, the risk of life-threatening diseases will be lower. The cleanliness drive will offer an improvement to the health of masses.
Adoption Of Clean Technology
Another aim of the initiative is to focus on the use of clean technology/ non- polluting technology. It means the user of biodegradable fuels and products to avoid pollution. Shifting towards cleaner products will require advanced technology and innovation from youths.
Improve The Productivity Of Individuals
The health of Individual influences the productivity of the workplace. A healthy person can work more and for a long time increasing the earning potential.
Attract Foreign Direct Investment
The swachh Bharat mission may assist in increasing F D I in India to speed up the development.
Only a handful of people cannot bring about a change on their own. Most people do not participate in the cleanliness campaign because they lack the will and the time to do something for the greater well.
Needs A Lot Of Support
Till the time the general public is not involved completely, the objectives of the campaign cannot be achieved.
It is very difficult to change the mindset of people overnight.
The Improbability Of Sustained Effort
There is a lack of sustained effort from the government is a side, for instance, cleanliness drives are carried out in fits and starts and not regularly.
If Govt. employees are given the job of maintaining cleanliness they will most likely not take it seriously because of their laid-back attitude. Also, it needs a lot of coordination between various departments.
Difficult In Enforcement
While people are encouraged to participate in swachh the swachh Bharat Abhiyan, those who litter the streets are neither pulled up nor penalized.
The campaign cannot work on its own. It needs some legal basis too. However, these laws cannot be implemented or enforced because a large percentage of Indians, especially in the rural areas still defecate in the open.
The government needs to work on the entire sanitation value chain including water supply, safe disposal, and treatment of waste and maintaining of infrastructure.
The construction of toilets as well as awareness campaigns needs the backing of the state for regular monitoring of the toilet use.
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