Introduction Child Labour
The word child labor means employing small children in any type of work in society, organization or any Enterprise. Employing a child is very profitable as the children do more work taking less money but sometimes the children are being abducted so that the children will work for free.
They also do not take proper care of the abducted children, do not provide them with proper food and also do not give them a proper place for shelter.
In child labor, the children on employment are beaten or threatened if they don’t do their work properly. Provided with fewer wages.
History Of Child Labor
The child labor started and reached to Extreme level during the industrial revolution. During the Industrial Revolution, small children were employed to work for a long time in dangerous situations and hazardous environment for very fewer wages. Children’s were used at a factory as they were easy to manage as they didn’t have so many requirements.
But in the middle of 19th-century, educational reformers convince that the primary school education was necessary for the personal development of the child and also for the development of the country.
Then many countries stated minimum age for labor and requirement for the attendance in school but the law was not much strong and child labor started again.
The law became strong under the national industrial recovery act that serves to reduce child labor and many other acts like mines act and the child adolescent labor act was proposed.
After that many new types of machinery were made and the simple task was done by the children and for efficient work, the machinery was handled by a skilled adult.
Cause Of Child Lauber
Today the main cause of child labor is the financial situation of the family that is the child belong to poor family.
It also causes due to the illiteracy of the parents they don’t understand what is more important child education or money they think money is more important and they need that money for the daily needs.
If the child’s parent was working as a child labor during his small age, it might happen that he needs that his child should also do child labor they neglect the importance of primary education.
Child labor does not only takes place due to poverty or parents illiteracy it also takes place due to the nonavailability of schools hence they have no option they send their child for employment so that he can learn something to get the money for daily needs.
Child Labor In India
Child labor is the universal problem. In India, child labor is very common. There are various rules and acts upon the child labor but people in India employee small children in their shop for work. Sometimes they employ their own child for work in the shop so that he can handle the shop after him. Due to a large number of child labor illegally employed in India the Indian government has taken many actions.
Such as Geneva declaration of the write off children Act was passed in 1924.
India has legislation since 1986 which allows working of child and nonhazardous industry.
But after that, it was directed that there should be a total ban on the employment of children up to age 14 whether the industry is hazardous or non-hazardous.
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