Technology enhances the usefulness of goods and services in a safe manner. It refers to the practical application of scientific knowledge for a purpose.
It also includes the capability and skills required to apply the knowledge. It aims at creating value. Technology can be both material and non-material. Technology includes instruments, tool, machines and other devices that benefit human life.
Advantages Of Technology
Many jobs can now be done remotely, because of the internet with many workers increasingly being able to work from home at the time of their choosing. The increased automation of manufacturing and many other jobs because of the computer, means a greater deficiency, fewer people doing boring repetitive jobs, an increase in flexibility regarding work times.
The music and film industries have been democratizing as artists are no longer reliant on companies to promote them as they can do it all themselves. The entertainment industry has experienced a revolution. Consumers now have an incredible choice of movies, games, music, shows and other entertainment available 24/7.
There is a great deal of positive effect on both work and home life. Thanks to the internet and mobile technologies we can communicate with anyone in the world and form relationships with people who are some distance away, rather than being limited to people within our physical vicinity.
In theory, at least having access to the internet means having access to almost all of the world’s knowledge. The wealth of information that is astonishing. Increasingly we don’t even need to be sat at the desk to access the information either as mobile devices have become more and more powerful.
Disadvantages of technology
Issues of privacy have become huge, as it becomes increasingly difficult to control personal information in the digital and internet world. Financial details can be hacked into, candid photos or videos posted on the web, slurs, and accusations made against people’s characters, and personal identities can be stolen.
Media can be digitalized and then distributed across the internet very easily and the process seems impossible to control. Ultimately it will lead to a decline in artistic and creative quality as people no longer have the time and funds to pursue projects. Intellectual property theft and piracy have made it more difficult for creative people to make any money from their output.
Outsourcing has meant bigger profits for companies, but a decline in wages and conditions and more unemployment for ordinary workers, especially in western nations. Multinational Corporation is increasingly impossible to control by individual nation states. Human beings are less and less valued in the workplace as their roles are replaced by computers.
As online social networking increasingly replaces real face-to-face and physical contact, alienation can increase as well as problems such as cyber-bullying, online stalking, and cybercrime, which are related to the anonymity of the internet. Human relations are diminished in the virtual world.
Technology has, beyond doubt, eased the life of human beings. It has proved to a great boon in the development process of culture and society
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