Child labor takes place where children are a force to work at an age when they are expected to study. And enjoy their phase of innocence.
It implies lost or deprived childhood that leads to the exploitation of children in various forms: physical, social, sexual, mental and so on.
It also refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood. Child labor takes place when a person below is years of age and is doing work that is depriving them of their childhood that leads to the exploitation of children in various forms:
Physical, social, sexual, mental and so on. If also refers to the employment of children of their childhood. Child labor takes place when a person below is years of age and is doing work that is depriving them of their childhood.
The most extreme and abhorrent forms of child labor, involves child slavery, hard labor, prostitution, and mutilation.
Causes Of Child Labor
Factors such as poverty, lack of social security, the gap between the rich and the poor have adversely affected children more than any other group.
We have failed to provide universal education, which results in children dropping out of school and entering the labor force.
A widespread problem due to high poverty and poor schooling opportunities loss of jobs of parents in a slowdown, farmer’s suicide, armed conflicts and high costs of healthcare are other factors contributing to child labor.
Also high cost of education, early marriages, illiteracy, huge demand for unskilled laborers, low aspiration, etc. are a major cause of child labor.
The Negative Impact Of Child Labor
Loss Of Quality Childhood
A child should play with friends and make memories for a lifetime. It is important for human beings to enjoy every stage of development.
Youths should explore life and from strong foundations that would define their adult lives. Child labor, therefore, leads to a loss of quality childhood.
Child labor can also lead to health complications due to undernourishment and poor working conditions.
Children that are employed do not have the time to go to school. They spend a lot of time in their workstations as the days and gears go by.
It is not a pleasant experience to be kept working as a child while your age- mates are out playing and going to school. Children also lack the ability to should themselves from most of the challenges that occur in the workplace.
How can child labor be reduced or completely eradicated:
Free education holds the key to eliminating child labor. Parents that do not have money for school fees can use this as an opportunity to provide their children with education.
Child labor should not be entertained at all. It is legally and morally wrong. Factory owners, shopkeepers, and industries among others should not employ children.
The society should be educated on the negative impacts of child labor so that it becomes an issue that is frowned upon whenever it occurs.
Create DemandFor Skilled and trained Works
By creating the demand for skilled and trained workers child labor case will reduce since almost all child laborers fall under the unskilled worker category.
Empowerment Of Poor People
Poor people are the most affected by child labor. Empowering poor people through knowledge and income generating projects would go a long way in reducing cases of child labor.
A Case Study On Child Labor
According to UNICEF, there are 250 million children aged between 5-14 years employed as child labor in developing countries out which 120 million work full time.
Among the developing countries, India has the highest number. Of child labors under the age of 14 years which is approximately 12.6 million children are engaged in every sector of the economy like matchstick making, fireworks, domestic labor, etc.
The innocence of a child should never be taken away for the purpose of making the lives of adults easier. It is both unfair and morally unacceptable. We should all strive to ensure that the fundamental rights of children are protected and that they are accorded the opportunity to go after their dreams and aspirations.
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