About Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh was a freedom fighter who fought for India’s Independence and was known as Shaheed Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh was born on 28th September 1907 at Banga, Punjab, British India now in Pakistan. Patriotism was in his blood.
Bhagat Singh was associated with many revolutionary organizations like the Indian Nationalist Movement and the “Hindustan Social Republican Association.”
Bhagat Singh’s family was deeply involved in the freedom struggle he was 13 years old when he left school and joined the National College at Lahore.
Bhagat Singh’s Ideology
Bhagat Singh’s family supported the Gandhian ideology completely. Bhagat Singh was also working as per Gandhi’s ideology for some time, but he felt that nonviolent movement would not get them anywhere.
Two major incidences in his life one are the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and second is the killing of the unarmed Akali protesters at Nankana Sahib made him shift his ideology.
The tragic and violent incident of ”Chauri-Chaura” made Gandhi call off the Non- cooperation movement, but Bhagat Singh did not accept this decision and left the non-violence movement and shifted his ideology to violent protests to drive off the British.
Bhagat Singh was of the view that British could be driven off only by use on violent means and by force.
Bhagat Singh had killed a British Officer for taking revenge for killing Lal Lajpat Rai. He with his colleagues attacked the Central Assembly with a bomb for which he was arrested.
His trial gained him much sympathy and popularity. He was hanged with much criticism and protest by the public; there was an uproar against his death sentence.
Even the Communist and the Right wings supported him alike. He was an inspiration for many others and launched a different style of protest. He has conferred the title of “Shaheed” which means martyr as he died for his country.
He was just twenty-three years old when he was hanged. Bhagat Singh also did not marry, when his family pressurized him, he ran away and left a letter behind in which he wrote.
“My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now.”
Interesting Facts About Bhagat Singh
Here are some interesting and lesser-known facts about Shaheed Bhagat Singh:
Bhagat Singh was an atheist, although he was religious earlier, the Hindu Muslim riots made him question his religious beliefs.
Bhagat Singh was an avid reader and felt that to inspire the youth, it was essential to write revolutionary articles and books rather than merely distributing pamphlets and leaflets.
He wrote several revolutionary articles for Kirti Kisan Party’s magazine, the “Kirti” and certain newspapers.
His publications include Why I Am An Atheist: An Autobiographical Discourse, Ideas of a Nation and The Jail Notebook And Other Writings. His works hold relevance even today.
He left his home when his parents forced him to get married stating if he married in slave India his bride shall only die.
Though born in a Sikh family, he shaved his head and beard so that he could not be recognized and arrested for killing the British official, John Saunders.
He Did Not Offer Any Defense At The Time Of His Trial
He was sentenced to be hanged on 24th March 1931. However, he was executed on the 23rd It is said that no magistrate wanted to supervise his hanging.
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