Child marriage as complete can be defined as the formal or informal union between two individual before attaining the age of eighteen years.
As per the law in India, child marriage is one in which the girl is below the age of eighteen, and the boy is below the age of twenty-one year.
Indians also used child marriage as a weapon to protect girls from rapes, and another social reason to initiate child marriages was that the elders wanted to see the faces of their grandchildren.
Child marriage means that two children are forced to marry each other with the consent of two families the children’s are forced into the institutions of marriage without knowing the real meaning of marriage.
Effects Of Child Marriage
Once they get married, the girl child is forced to leave her home and inhabit another place, and she is forced to take up roles that she isn’t mentally, prospered for such great responsibilities like that of mother and a daughter-in-law are too much for the minor girl child.
It leads to isolation and depression. For the males, taking up responsibility as critical as that of the wife as in to take of her finances and share finance also become taking.
The childhood is lost, and the freedom to play and learn is also snatched in the process. Early marriages also carry with them excessive risk factor.
There is a great risk of contracting sexual diseases like HIV. Also, girls who marry early are less likely to be taught about pregnancy and related subjects.
The child born to such mothers is more likely to suffer from malnutrition, low birth weight.
Law To Prevent Child Marriages In India
The Indian constitution provides for prohibitions against child marriage through various laws and enactments the first law that was designed was the Child Marriage Restraint Act Of 1929 which extended to the whole of India except Jammu and Kashmir.
This act defined as female. The age of a girl must be eighteen or above eighteen years, and the age of the boy must be twenty –one or above twenty- one year at the time of marriage.
If they are leers than their ages and going to get married, it implies imprisonment up to 15 days aligned with a fine of to the tone of thousand rupees.
This act was again amended in the year 1940 to raise the ages of male and female children
Causes Of Child Marriage
- Law status of women
- The economic or financial inability of the family
- Custom, traditional beliefs, and social mindset
- Developing relational alliances a mind family upholds
- Gender inequalities in society
How To Increase Social Awareness About Child Marriage
All the children need to be aware of their human rights and must be taught to refuse and act upon if such an incident is taking place or is about to take place.
The media also needs to adopt a more proactive role in generating awareness towards his heinous refused.
Child marriage is a violation of human rights In most cases, young girls get married off to significantly older men when they one still children child marriages is against the law.
Child marriage is a religious tradition in many places in India and therefore difficult to change.
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